Ethical issues in research – informed consent
Effy Vayena, PhD
Department of Reproductive Health and Research
World Health Organization
- Helsinki Declaration (http://www.wma.net/e/policy/17-c_e.html)
- International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects, CIOMS, 2002 (http://www.cioms.ch/frame_guidelines_nov_2002.htm)
- Report: The ethics of research related to healthcare in developing countries, Nuffield Council of Bioethics, 2002 (http://www.nuffieldbioethics.org/publications/pp_0000000013.asp)
- University of Minnesota Web-based instruction on informed consent (http://www.research.umn.edu/consent/orientation.html)
- Family Health International: On-line research ethics training curriculum
- Operational Guidelines for Committees that Review Biomedical Research, WHO, 2002 (http://www.who.int/tdr/publications/publications/ethics.htm)
Other selected references:
- Angell M. The ethics of clinical research in the third world. New England Journal of Medicine 1997;337:847-49.
- Emanuel EJ, Wendler D, Grady C. What makes clinical research ethical? JAMA 2000 May;283:2701-11.
- Holmes-Rovner M. Improving informed consent; insights from behavioral decision research. Medical Care 2002;40:V30-V38.
- Koski G. Risk, benefits, and conflicts of interest in human research: ethical evolution in the changing world of science. Journal of Law and Ethics 2000;28:300-31.
- Macklin R. Understanding informed consent. Acta Oncologica 1999;38:83-87.
- Sanchez S. et al. Informed consent procedures: responsibilities of researchers in developing countries. Bioethics 2001; 15:398-412.