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Citing biomedical documents - National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Citing books and other individual titles on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk
National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2010 Apr 30]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine

Components/elements listed in the order they should appear in a reference: (R) = required, (O) = optional

Author/Editor (R) | Author Affiliation (O) | Title (R) | Content Type (O) | Type of Medium (R) | Edition (R) | Editor and other Secondary Authors (O) | Place of Publication (R) | Publisher (R) | Date of Publication (R) | Date of Update/Revision (R) | Extent (Pagination) (O) | Physical Description (O) | Series (O) | Language (R) | Notes (O)

  • Standard citation to a book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk
    • Kacmarek RM. Advanced respiratory care [CD-ROM]. Version 3.0. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2000. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Subbarao M. Tough cases in carotid stenting [DVD]. Woodbury (CT): Cine-Med, Inc.; 2003. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Miller C, Wildman S, Elgiadi S. The I.C.N.E. computer assisted instruction for intravenous medications: calculation problems [disk]. Spokane (WA): I.C.N.E.; c1990. 1 computer disk: 5 1/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk showing authors with optional full first names
    • Anderson, Shauna C.; Poulsen, Keila B. Anderson's electronic atlas of hematology [CD-ROM]. 2nd version. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with author/editor name including designations of rank within a family
    • Rosser J Jr. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: patient education program [CD-ROM]. New York: Springer-Verlag New York; c1998. 2 CD-ROMs: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with authors/editors having particles or prefixes in their names
    • McBryde AM Jr, Haddad SL, Marks RM, McCluskey LC, editors. Selective exposures in orthopaedic surgery: the ankle [CD-ROM]. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with authors/editors having compound last names
    • Bush-Joseph CA, editor. Selective exposures in orthopaedic surgery: the knee [CD-ROM]. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with secondary authors when there is no author
    • Got C, editor. Urological pathology = Pathologie urologique [CD-ROM]. ADICAP; ICG Memoire Directe, producers. Heidelberg (Germany): Springer Electronic Media; [1998?]. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in. (Atlas of pathology; 5). English, French.
    • Hawkins RJ, Pearl ML, editors. The athlete's shoulder [DVD]. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; c2002. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Arrhythmias case studies [CD-ROM]. Version 5.0 for Windows. Massachusetts General Hospital, Laboratory of Computer Science; Harvard Medical School, producers. Boston: Massachusetts General Hospital; c1998. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Mentoring: the experience of a lifetime [DVD]. Envision, Inc., producers. Brooklyn (NY): National Student Nurses' Association; c2005. 1 DVD: 25 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Origins of human aggression: the other story [DVD]. Maher JP, director. [Montreal (QC)]: National Film Board of Canada; 2005. 1 DVD: 50 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with author(s) and secondary authors
    • Bradshaw S. The Millennium goals: dream or reality? [DVD]. Richards J, editor. London: TVE; c2004. 1 DVD: 27 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Brocheriou C, Baglin AC, Wassef. Stomatology - ENT = Stomatologie - ORL [CD-ROM]. Got C, editor; ADICAP; ICG Memoire Directe, producers. Heidelberg (Germany): Springer Electronic Media; [1998?]. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in. English, French.
    • Wenger NS, Lieberman JR. Ethical issues in orthopaedic surgery [DVD]. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; Academic Orthopaedic Society; American Orthopaedic Association, producers. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; c2003. 1 DVD: 21 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with organization as author/editor
    • Texas Heart Institute. Aortic valve replacement [CD-ROM]. West Hartford (CT): ORlive; c2005. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with organization as author, with subsidiary department/division named
    • Yale University School of Medicine, Center for Advanced Instructional Media. Atlas of myocardial perfusion imaging [CD-ROM]. Macintosh ed. 1.0. St. Louis (MO): Mosby-Year Book; c1996. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with multiple organizations as author
    • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Public Health; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US). The epidemic of obesity: personal choice or environmental consequence? [DVD]. [place, publisher, date unknown]. 1 DVD: 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with no authors or editors
    • Typhoid Mary, the most dangerous woman in America [DVD]. Nancy Porter Productions, Inc., producer. Boston: WGBH Educational Foundation; c2005. 1 DVD: 60 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with author affiliation included
    • Wertheimer D (School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD). Pressure sores: tips for the GNA [DVD]. Baltimore (MD): Video Press; 2005. 1 DVD: 20 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book title on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with subtitle
    • Alpert EJ. Domestic violence: the role of the proactive physician [DVD]. Secaucus (NJ): Network for Continuing Medical Education; c2004. 1 DVD: 60 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book title on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk ending in punctuation other than a period
    • Bradshaw S. The Millennium goals: dream or reality? [DVD]. Richards J, editor. London: TVE; c2004. 1 DVD: 27 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
    • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Public Health; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US). The epidemic of obesity: personal choice or environmental consequence? [DVD]. [place, publisher, date unknown]. 1 DVD: 4 3/4 in.
  • Book title on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk in a language other than English
    • Hager H. Ophthalmodynamographie: eine neue augenarztliche Methode zur Beurteilung des Gehirnkreislaufes [DVD]. Tubingen (Germany): Eberhard-Karls-Universitat; 1968. 1 DVD: 16 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in. German.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk published with equal text in two languages
    • Got C, editor. Urological pathology = Pathologie urologique [CD-ROM]. ADICAP; ICG Memoire Directe, producers. Heidelberg (Germany): Springer Electronic Media; [1998?]. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in. English, French.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk published with text in multiple languages
    • WHO medicines bookshelf [CD-ROM]. Version 4.0. Geneva: World Health Organization; c2004. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in. English, French, Spanish.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with an edition or version
    • Whelan GP. Acute head injury [CD-ROM]. Windows version 1.0. Chapel Hill (NC): Health Sciences Consortium; [1997?]. 4 CD-ROMs: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Adult health nursing concepts & skills [CD-ROM]. Version 2.0 for Windows 3.1/95/98. Chapel Hill (NC): Professional Development Software; c1999. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson's electronic atlas of hematology [CD-ROM]. 2nd version. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Anatomical landmarks in dental radiology [CD-ROM]. Release 1.0. Houten (Netherlands): BSL Publishers; c1997. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Atlas SW. MRI of the brain and spine [CD-ROM]. 3rd ed. on CD-ROM. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Patient education on CD-ROM: health care advice for children, teens, and their parents [CD-ROM]. 2nd ed. Elk Grove (IL): American Academy of Pediatrics; c2001. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in. English, Spanish.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with an edition or version in a language other than English
    • OECD health data: comparative analysis of health systems = Eco-sante OCDE: analyse comparative des systemes de sante [disk]. 3.6 version. Paris: CREDES; 1995. 2 computer disks: 3 1/2 in. English, French.
    • Plantas medicinales de Mexico: usos y remedios tradicionales = Medicinal plants of Mexico: traditional uses and remedies [CD-ROM]. Ed. bilingue espanol-ingles. Xochimilco (Mexico): Centro de Technologia Electronica e Informatica; c1995. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in. Spanish, English.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with an edition and a version
    • Colditz JC, McGrouther DA, Harris JM. Interactive hand [CD-ROM]. Therapy ed.; Version 1.1. London: Primal Pictures Ltd.; 2001. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Clinical teaching slides on CD-ROM: 16 chapters of teaching images in gastroenterology & liver disease [CD-ROM]. 2nd ed.; Version 2.0. Timonium (MD): Milner-Fenwick; c2001. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Netter FH. Interactive atlas of human anatomy [CD-ROM]. Version 3.0; Student ed. Teterboro (NJ): Icon Learning Systems; c2003. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with well-known place of publication
    • Age of AIDS [DVD]. New York: PBS; 2006. 1 DVD: 240 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with geographic qualifier added to place of publication for clarity
    • Jeffrey RB Jr. Abdominal and pelvic ultrasound with CT and MR correlation [CD-ROM]. Lafayette (CA): Medical Interactive; 1995. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with place of publication inferred
    • Lewis D, Christensen D. War hospital [DVD]. [Montreal (QC)]: National Film Board of Canada; 2005. 1 DVD: 89 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with no place of publication found
    • Hooked: illegal drugs and how they got that way [DVD]. Tera Media, producer. [place unknown]: A & E Television Networks; c2004. 2 DVDs: 200 min., sound, color with black & white sequences, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with publisher having a subsidiary department/division
    • Gausche-Hill M, Goodrich SM, Poore PD, editors. Pediatric airway management [CD-ROM]. Torrance (CA): Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine; [2001?]. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with government agency or other national body as publisher
    • NIOSH pocket guide to chemical hazards and other databases [CD-ROM]. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US); 2002. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with joint publishers
    • Spitzer M, Jones HW 3rd, Runowicz CD, Waggoner SE. Advanced colposcopy [CD-ROM]. Washington: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in. Joint publication of the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with no publisher found
    • Leung CW. Diagnostic picture tests in paediatric infectious diseases [CD-ROM]. Princess Margaret Hospital; Our Lady of Maryknoll Hospital, producers. Hong Kong: [publisher unknown]: 2000. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with no place of publication or publisher found
    • Hear the difference: early identification, early intervention, outcomes for children who are deaf or hard of hearing [DVD]. [place unknown: publisher unknown]; 2006. 1 DVD: 9 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with month included in date of publication
    • The complete library of NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology [CD-ROM]. Rockledge (PA): National Comprehensive Cancer Network (US); 2003 Mar. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with date range
    • National Library of Medicine's asthma exhibit hits the road: the traveling exhibit you can fit in your pocket [DVD]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2002-2004. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with date of copyright instead of date of publication
    • Schlegel W, Mahr A. 3D conformal radiation therapy: multimedia introduction to methods and techniques [CD-ROM]. New York: Springer Verlag; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with update date
    • Rubenstein E, editor. Scientific American medicine consult [CD-ROM]. Version 2.5a. New York: Scientific American, Inc.; 1990 [updated 1990 Sep]. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with no place, publisher, or date of publication found
    • Sherman RA. Pain assessment & intervention from a psychophysiological perspective [CD-ROM]. [place, publisher, date unknown]. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with extent and physical description
    • Hinman D. Body of evidence: from the case files of Dayle Hinman [DVD]. Falldorf S, Toth R, Garofalo A, producers. Thousand Oaks (CA): Goldhil Video; c2004. 2 DVDs: 325 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Miller C, Wildman S, Elgiadi S. The I.C.N.E. computer assisted instruction for intravenous medications: calculation problems [disk]. Spokane (WA): I.C.N.E.; c1990. 1 computer disk: 5 1/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk in more than one medium
    • Haney H, Leibsohn J. Basic counseling responses in groups: a multimedia learning system for the helping professions [CD-ROM + videocassette]. Pacific Grove (CA): Brooks/Cole/Wadsworth; c2001. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.; 1 videocassette: 38 min., sound, color, 1/2 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with a series
    • Got C, editor. Urological pathology = Pathologie urologique [CD-ROM]. ADICAP; ICG Memoire Directe, producers. Heidelberg (Germany): Springer Electronic Media; [1998?]. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in. (Atlas of pathology; 5). English, French.
    • NIOSH pocket guide to chemical hazards and other databases [CD-ROM]. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US); 2002. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in. (DHHS (NIOSH) publication; no. 2002-140).
    • New directions [DVD]. Sherborn (MA): Aquarius Health Care Videos; 2005. 1 DVD: 60 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in. (Cancer Story series).
    • Bradshaw S. The Millennium goals: dream or reality? [DVD]. Richards J, editor. London: TVE; c2004. 1 DVD: 27 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in. (Life 4; no. 1).
    • Alpert EJ. Domestic violence: the role of the proactive physician [DVD]. Secaucus (NJ): Network for Continuing Medical Education; c2004. 1 DVD: 60 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in. (NCME DVD; no. 844).
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with optional system requirements
    • Rosenberg AG. The arthritic knee [CD-ROM]. 2nd ed. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; c2002. 1 CD-ROM: sound, 4 3/4 in. System Requirements: 586 Class Chip (e.g., K6, Pentium), 200 MHz or better; 32 MB RAM, 2MB or more of video RAM; Windows 95 or Windows 98; CD-ROM (8x or faster) or DVD drive (4x or faster); Sound Blaster-compatible sound card; modem compliant with standard V.90. (56 Kpbs); mouse.
    • Young MJ. Introductory genetics [disk]. Pelham (NY): E.M.E. Corp.; c1983. 1 computer disk: 5 1/4 in. System Requirements: Apple II, Apple II Plus, or Apple IIe.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk with supplemental note included
    • Giardino AP. Child maltreatment: training modules and slide sets [CD-ROM]. St. Louis (MO): G.W. Medical Pub.; c2000. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in. Accompanied by: 3 vol. of instructional modules and 3 vol. of workbooks.
    • Sherman RA. Pain assessment & intervention from a psychophysiological perspective [CD-ROM]. [place, publisher, date unknown]. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in. Located at: National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; WL 704 CDR no.8 2003.
    • The clinician administered post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) scale [CAPS]: an independent study [CD-ROM]. Washington: Department of Veterans Affairs (US), Employee Education System; [2002?]. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in. Developed in cooperation with VA Northwest Network Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center and VA National Center for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
    • Mold in the building environment [DVD]. Atlanta (GA): American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, c2005. 1 DVD: 180 min., sound, color, 4 3/4 in. Sponsored by ASHRAE's Chapter Technology Transfer Committee.
    • Miller C, Wildman S, Elgiadi S. The I.C.N.E. computer assisted instruction for intravenous medications: calculation problems [disk]. Spokane (WA): I.C.N.E.; c1990. 1 computer disk: 5 1/4 in. ICNE is the Intercollegiate Center for Nursing Education.
    • Kacmarek RM. Advanced respiratory care [CD-ROM]. Version 3.0. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2000. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in. ISBN: 9780683404890.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk that is a conference proceedings
    • 7th International Medical Workforce Collaborative Conference [CD-ROM]; 2003 Sep; Oxford, UK. New South Wales (Australia): Commonwealth Department of Health and Aged Care, Australian Medical Workforce Advisory Committee; 2003. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk that is a bibliography
    • Voigts LE, Kurtz PD, compilers. Scientific and medical writings in Old and Middle English: an electronic reference [bibliography on CD-ROM]. Windows version. Ann Arbor (MI): University of Michigan Press; c2000. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk that is a dissertation
    • Okroi M. Der blutgruppenforscher Fritz Schiff (1889-1940): Leben, Werk und Wirkung eines judischen Deutschen [dissertation on CD-ROM]. [Lubeck (Germany)]: Universitat zu Lubeck; 2004. 1 CD-ROM: 4 3/4 in. German.
  • Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk that is a technical report
    • Souza K, Hogan R, Ballard R, Etheridge G, editors. Callahan PX. Life into space: space life sciences experiments; Ames Research Center 1965-1990 [CD-ROM]. Moffett Field (CA): National Aeronautics and Space Administration (US), Ames Research Center; 2000. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in. Report No.: NASA 00026329.
  • Part of a Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk
    • Barun J. The children show [DVD]. Derry (NH): Chip Taylor Communications; 2004. Chapter 3, Ethical considerations; [25 min.]. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Dalley AF 2nd, Gould DJ. Dynamic human anatomy: student version [CD-ROM]. Version 1.0 for Windows. [Baltimore (MD)]: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2004. Chapter 6.13, Structures of the axilla, anterior view; [1 screen]. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Drake RE. Robert E. Drake on treating co-occurring disorders [DVD]. Center City (MN): Hazelden Foundation; c2006. Figure 5.6, Motivation strategies; [1 screen]. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
    • Haile-Mariam T. Challenger infectious diseases: complete primary and acute care presentations of infections diseases [CD-ROM]. Stack LB, editor. Memphis (TN): Challenger Corp.; 2004 May. Head and neck infections. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  • Contribution to a Book on CD-ROM, DVD, or disk
    • Bekowitz RL. Litigation and the American obstetrician. In: 2005 advances in obstetrics, gynecology & ultrasonography [DVD]. Program 1. Tampa (FL): Educational Symposia; 2005 Aug 1. Lecture 2; [21 min.]. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.