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Citing biomedical documents - National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Citing conference proceedings
National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2010 Apr 30]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine

Components/elements listed in the order they should appear in a reference: (R) = required, (O) = optional

Editor (R) | Editor Affiliation (O) | Book Title (R) | Type of Medium (R) | Conference Number (R) | Conference Title (R) | Date of Conference (O) | Place of Conference (O) | Type of Medium (if no title) (R) | Edition (R) | Other Secondary Authors (O) | Place of Publication (R) | Publisher (R) | Date of Publication (R) | Pagination (O) | Physical Description (O) | Series (O) | Language (R) | Notes (O)

  • Standard proceedings with a book title in addition to the conference title
    • Furton EJ, Dort V, editors. Addiction and compulsive behaviors. Proceedings of the 17th Workshop for Bishops; 1999; Dallas, TX. Boston: National Catholic Bioethics Center (US); 2000. 258 p.
  • Standard proceedings without a book title in addition to the conference title
    • Dittmar A, Beebe D, editors. 1st Annual International IEEE-EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnologies in Medicine & Biology; 2000 Oct 12-14; Palais des Congres, Lyon, France. Piscataway (NJ): IEEE; c2000. 643 p.
  • Proceedings with all editors names given
    • Bruhat M, Silva Carvalho JL, Campo R, Fradique A, Dequesne J, Setubal A, editors. Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy; 2001 Nov 22-24; Lisbon, Portugal. Bologna (Italy): Monduzzi Editore, International Proceedings Division; c2001. 474 p.
  • Proceedings with editors limited to the optional first three
    • Bruhat M, Silva Carvalho JL, Campo R, et al., editors. Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy; 2001 Nov 22-24; Lisbon, Portugal. Bologna (Italy): Monduzzi Editore, International Proceedings Division; c2001. 474 p.
    • or
    • Bruhat M, Silva Carvalho JL, Campo R, and others, editors. Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the European Society for Gynaecological Endoscopy; 2001 Nov 22-24; Lisbon, Portugal. Bologna (Italy): Monduzzi Editore, International Proceedings Division; c2001. 474 p.
  • Proceedings with optional full first names for editors
    • Pacak, Karel; Aguilera, Greti; Sabban, Esther; Kvetnansky, Richard, editors. Stress: current neuroendocrine and genetic approaches. 8th Symposium on Catecholamines and Other Neurotransmitters in Stress; 2003 Jun 28-Jul 3; Smolenice Castle, Slovakia. New York: New York Academy of Sciences; 2004 Jun. 590 p. (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1018).
  • Proceedings with address added for editors
    • Kimchi A, editor (School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA). Advances in heart failure. Proceedings of the 8th World Congress on Heart Failure: Mechanisms and Management; 2002 Jul 13-16; Washington, DC. Bologna (Italy): MEDIMOND Medical Publications; c2002. 540 p.
  • Proceedings with no editor named
    • Practical points in dentistry: the alternatives. International Dental Congress of the Mekong River Region; 2004 Jun 7-10; Century Park Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand. Bangkok: Mahidol University, Faculty of Dentistry; [2004].
  • Titles containing a Greek letter, chemical formula, or another special character
    • Huang YS, Ziboh VA, editors. γ-linolenic acid: recent advances in biotechnology and clinical applications. 2nd International Symposium on GLA; 2000 Apr; San Diego, CA. Champaign (IL): AOCS Press; 2001. 259 p.
    • if font not available
    • Huang YS, Ziboh VA, editors. Gamma-linolenic acid: recent advances in biotechnology and clinical applications. 2nd International Symposium on GLA; 2000 Apr; San Diego, CA. Champaign (IL): AOCS Press; 2001. 259 p.
  • Proceedings in a language other than English
    • Boker W, Brenner HD, editors. Integrative Therapie der Schizophrenie. 4th Internationale Schizophrenie-Symposium; 1993 Sep 16-18; Bern. Bern (Switzerland): Huber; 1996. 426 p. German.
  • Proceedings in a language other than English with translation
    • Boker W, Brenner HD, editors. Integrative Therapie der Schizophrenie [Integrative therapy for schizophrenia]. 4th Internationale Schizophrenie-Symposium [4th International Schizophrenia Symposium]; 1993 Sep 16-18; Bern. Bern (Switzerland): Huber; 1996. 426 p. German.
  • Proceedings in two or more equal languages
    • Bidart A, editor. 4th Congres International de Pneumologie Pediatrique: Livre des Communications = 4th International Congress on Pediatric Pulmonology: Proceedings; 2000 Feb 21-24; Nice, France. Paris: EDK; c2000. 271 p. French, English.
  • Proceedings in multiple languages
    • Oud N, editor. ACENDIO 2003: making nursing visible. 4th European Conference of ACENDIO; 2003; Paris. Bern (Switzerland): Huber; 2003. 347 p. English, French, German.
  • Name of institution where conference held included
    • Bushy A, editor. Community voices calling us to action. 5th Annual Rural Minority Health Conference Proceedings; 1999 Dec 9-11; Hyatt Regency Tech Center, Denver, CO. Kansas City (MO): National Rural Health Association; c2000. 167 p.
  • Proceedings in a microform when a book title is present
    • Chase TN, editor. Mortality among Negroes in cities [microfilm]. Proceedings of the Conference for Investigations of City Problems; 1896 May 26-27; Atlanta University, Atlanta, GA. 2nd ed. abridged. Atlanta: Atlanta University Press; 1903. 1 reel: negative, 35 mm.
  • Proceedings in a microform when there is no book title
    • 1993 Radiation Protection Workshop proceedings; 1993 Apr 13-15; Las Vegas, NV [microfiche]. Washington: Department of Energy (US); 1993. 5 microfiche: black & white, negative, 4 x 6 in.
  • Proceedings with a conference date crossing months or years
    • Ferreira de Oliveira MJ, editor. Accessibility and quality of health services. Proceedings of the 28th Meeting of the European Working Group on Operational Research Applied to Health Services (ORAHS); 2002 Jul 28-Aug 2; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Frankfurt (Germany): Peter Lang; c2004. 287 p.
  • Proceedings with an unknown conference date and location
    • Forestieri P, Mazzeo F, Varoux G, editors. Il carcinoma gastrico. SICO 1st Consensus Conference. Naples (Italy): Giuseppe de Nicola Editore; 2000. 190 p. Italian. SICO stands for Societa Italiana di Chirurgia Oncologica.
  • Proceedings with an unknown conference location
    • Fitzpatrick DP, Carr AJ, editors. Bioengineering - in Ireland. Proceedings of the 7th Annual Conference of the Section of Bioengineering of the Royal Academy of Medicine in Ireland; 2001 Jan 27-28. Dublin: University College Dublin, Department of Mechanical Engineering; c2001. 43 p.
  • Proceedings with an edition
    • Development of international collaboration in infectious disease research. International Conference; 2004 Sep 8-10; Sosnovka, Russia. Sci. ed. Novosibirsk (Russia): CERIS; 2004. 346 p.
  • Proceedings with translators
    • Doring R, editor. The German health reporting system and current approaches in Europe: a comparative view on differences, parallels, and trends. Proceedings of the International Conference; 2001 Nov; Berlin. Carney A, Frank M, translators. Berlin: Robert Koch-Institut; 2002. 150 p. Translated from the German.
  • Proceedings with well-known place of publication
    • 10th International Psoriasis Symposium; 2004 Jun 10-13; Toronto, ON. Chicago: Skin Disease Education Foundation; 2004. 160 p.
  • Proceedings with qualifier added to place
    • Milburn P, Wilson B, Yanai T, editors. The human body in motion: congress handbook and book of abstracts. 19th Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics; 2003 Jul 6-11; Dunedin, New Zealand. Dunedin (New Zealand): University of Otago; 2003. 442 p.
  • Proceedings with place of publication inferred
    • Palulonis RM, editor. 19th Conference on the Medical Aspects of Sports; 1977; San Francisco, CA. [Chicago]: American Medical Association; c1978. 75 p.
  • Proceedings with unknown place of publication
    • 2nd Annual Meeting of the Indian Leptospirosis Society (ILS); 2001 May 12-13; Cochin, India. [place unknown]: Indian Leptospirosis Society; 2001. 70 p.
  • Publisher with subordinate division included
    • Andrew MA, Crum LA, Vaezy S, editors. 2nd International Symposium on Therapeutic Ultrasound; 2002 Jul 29-Aug 1; Seattle, WA. Seattle: University of Washington, Applied Physics Laboratory, Center for Industrial & Medical Ultrasound; c2003. 564 p.
  • Governmental or national agency as publisher
    • Macdonald KB, Weinmann F, editors. Wetland and riparian restoration: taking a broader view; contributed papers and selected abstracts. Society for Ecological Restoration International Conference; 1995 Sep 14-16; Seattle, WA. Seattle: Environmental Protection Agency (US), Region 10; 1997. 284 p. (EPA publication; 910-R-97-007).
    • McGorry PD, Nordentoft M, Simonsen E, editors. Early psychosis: a bridge to the future. 3rd International Conference on Early Psychosis; 2002 Sep; Copenhagen, Denmark. London: Royal College of Psychiatrists (GB); c2005. 124 p.
  • Joint publication
    • Accelerating quality improvement in health care: strategies to speed the diffusion of evidence-based innovations: proceedings from a conference; 2003 Jan 27-28; Washington, DC. Washington: NIHCM Foundation; c2003. 27 p. Jointly published by the National Committee for Quality Health Care.
  • Proceedings with unknown publisher
    • 28th Annual Lorne Conference on Protein Structure & Function; 2003 Feb 9-13; Lorne, Victoria, Australia. Lorne (Australia): [publisher unknown]; 2003.
  • Proceedings with unknown place of publication and publisher
    • 2001 National HIV Prevention Conference; 2001 Aug 12-15; Atlanta, GA. [place unknown: publisher unknown]; 2001.
  • Proceedings with no date of publication but a date of copyright
    • 2005 2nd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering; 2005 Mar 16-19; Arlington, VA. Piscataway (NJ): IEEE; c2005. 693 p.
  • Proceedings with date of publication estimated
    • Proceedings of the Symposium on Perspectives in Epilepsy; 1990. New Delhi: G.B. Pant Hospital, Department of Neurology; [1990?]. 124 p.
  • Proceedings with date of publication unknown
    • Proceedings of the 1993 Medical Defense Bioscience Review; 1993 May 10-13; Baltimore, MD. Frederick (MD): US Army Medical Research and Development Command; [date unknown]. 3 vols.
  • Proceedings with place, publisher, and date unknown
    • Australian Society for the Advancement of Anaesthesia and Sedation in Dentistry. Seminar on Pain Control; 1973 Jul 12-13; University of New South Wales, Australia. [place, publisher, date unknown]. 78 p.
  • Proceedings published in multiple volumes
    • Mayhew DR, Dussault C, editors. Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs, and Traffic Safety; 2002 Aug 4-9; Monteal, QC. Quebec (QC): Societe de l'Assurance Automobile du Quebec; [2002]. 3 vols.
  • Proceedings with no printed page numbers
    • Massberg W, Reinhars G, editors. 1st Symposium, Neue Technologien fur die Medizin: Forschung, Praxis, Innovation; 1999; Munich, Germany. Munich (Germany): Herbert Utz Verlag; 1999. 160 leaves. German.
  • Proceedings also published as part of a journal
    • Dostrovsky JO, Carr DB, Koltzenburg M, editors. Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Pain; 2002 Aug 17-22; San Diego, CA. Seattle: IASP Press; c2003. 937 p. (Progress in pain research and management; vol. 24).
  • Proceedings published as part of a series
    • Satoh K, Suzuki S, Matsunaga M, editors. Advances in brain research: cerebrovascular disorders and neurodegeneration. Proceedings of the 6th Hirosaki International Forum of Medical Science; 2002 Oct 15-16; Hirosaki, Japan. Amsterdam (Netherlands): Elsevier; 2003. 234 p. (Excerpta Medica international congress series; no. 1251).
  • Proceedings published as part of more than one series
    • Zhu J, editor. 2004 Shanghai International Conference on Laser Medicine and Surgery; 2004 Nov 5-7; Shanghai, China. Bellingham (WA): SPIE; c2005. (Progress in biomedical optics and imaging; vol. 6, no. 35); (Proceedings of SPIE; vol. 5967).
  • Proceedings with availability or location statement
    • Acevedo SE, DeVincenzi DL, Chang S, editors. 6th Symposium on Chemical Evolution and the Origin and Evolution of Life; 1997 Nov 17-20; NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA. Moffett Field (CA): National Aeronautics and Space Administration (US), Ames Research Center; [1998]. 105 p. (NASA conference publication; 10156). Available from: NTIS, Springfield, VA; N19980236014.
    • Takeuchi M, Lagakos SW, editors. Simultaneous, worldwide development strategies: implementation of global clinical trials and introduction of new sciences and technologies. The 3rd Kitasato University-Harvard School of Public Health Symposium; 2002 Oct 2-3; Tokyo, Japan. Tokyo: Dejitarupuresu; c2003. 308 p. English, Japanese. Located at: National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; 2003 N-441.
  • Proceedings accompanied by a CD-ROM
    • Laurell H, Schlyter F, editors. Alcohol, drugs and traffic safety: T 2000. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs, and Traffic Safety; 2000 May 22-26; Stockholm, Sweden. Stockholm: ICADTS; [2000]. 4 vols. Accompanied by: 1 CD-ROM.
  • Proceedings with supplementary notes
    • Marcus S, editor. Neuroethics: mapping the field. Conference Proceedings; 2002 May 13-14; San Francisco, CA. New York: Dana Press; c2002. 367 p. Sponsored by the Dana Foundation. Hosted by Stanford University and University of California, San Francisco. Introduced by William Safire.
    • Vyas GN, Williams AE, editors. Advances in transfusion safety. Proceedings of the Advances in Transfusion Safety Symposium; 2003 Jun 4-6; National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. Basel (Switzerland): Karger; 2005. 224 p. (Developments in biologicals; vol. 120). Symposium co-sponsored by US Food and Drug Administration, AABB, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, US Department of Defense, and the International Association of Biologicals.
    • Building new bridges at the frontiers of engineering and medicine. 23rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society; 2001 Oct 25-28; Istanbul, Turkey. Piscataway (NJ): IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society; c2001. 4 vols. Yorgo Istefanopulos, conference chair.
    • Bayes de Luna A, Cosin J, editors. Diagnosis and treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. Proceedings of an International Symposium on Diagnosis and Treatment of Cardiac Arrhythmias; 1977 Oct 5-8; Barcelona, Spain. New York: Pergamon Press; 1980. 1003 p. Translation of: Diagnostico y Tratamiento de las Arritmias Cardiacas.
    • Fichtel C, Hunter S, Sreekumar P, Stecker F, editors. The Energetic Gamma-Ray Experiment Telescope (EGRET) Science Symposium; 1989 Nov 15-16; NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. Washington: NASA Headquarters; 1990. 344 p. (NASA conference publication; 3071). Report No.: NASA 00023865.
    • Forestieri P, Mazzeo F, Varoux G, edigttors. Il carcinoma gastrico. SICO 1st Consensus Conference. Naples (Italy): Giuseppe de Nicola Editore; 2000. 190 p. Italian. SICO stands for Societa Italiana di Chirurgia Oncologica.