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Citing biomedical documents - National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Citing contributions to books on the Internet
National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2010 Apr 30]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine

Components/elements listed in the order they should appear in a reference: (R) = required, (O) = optional

Author (R) | Author Affiliation (O) | Title (R) | Connective Phrase (R) | Book Information (R) | Date of Citation (R) | Location (Pagination) (R) | Availability (R) | Language (R) | Notes (O)

  • Standard reference to a contributed chapter of an Internet book
    • Andreeff M, Goodrich DW, Pardee AB. Cell proliferation and differentiation. In: Kufe DW, Pollock RE, Weichselbaum RR, Bast RC Jr, Gansler TS, Holland JF, Frei E 3rd, editors. Cancer medicine 6 [Internet]. Hamilton (ON): B.C. Decker Inc.; c2003 [cited 2006 Nov 7]. [about 41 p.]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=cmed6.chapter.590
  • Contribution to an Internet book with optional full first names for authors and editors
    • Andreeff, Michael; Goodrich, David W.; Pardee, Arthur B. Cell proliferation and differentiation. In: Kufe, Donald W.; Pollock, Raphael E.; Weichselbaum, Ralph R.; Bast, Robert C., Jr.; Gansler, Ted S.; Holland, James F.; Frei, Emil 3rd., editors. Cancer medicine 6 [Internet]. Hamilton (ON): B.C. Decker Inc.; c2003 [cited 2006 Nov 7]. [about 41 p.]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=cmed6.chapter.590
  • Contribution to an Internet book with optional limit to the number of authors
    • Mouchawar J, Taplin S, Ichikawa L, et al. Late-stage breast cancer among women with recent negative screening mammography: do clinical encounters offer opportunity for earlier detection? In: Vogt TM, Wagner EH, editors. Health care systems as research platforms: the cancer research network [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): Oxford University Press; 2005 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. p. 39-46. Available from: http://jncimono.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/2005/35/39
    • or
    • Mouchawar J, Taplin S, Ichikawa L, and others. Late-stage breast cancer among women with recent negative screening mammography: do clinical encounters offer opportunity for earlier detection? In: Vogt TM, Wagner EH, editors. Health care systems as research platforms: the cancer research network [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): Oxford University Press; 2005 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. p. 39-46. Available from: http://jncimono.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/2005/35/39
  • Contribution to an Internet book with authors having a family designation of rank
    • Schmeck H Jr. How genetic disorders are inherited. In: Blazing a genetic trail: families and scientists join in seeking the flawed genes that cause disease [Internet]. Chevy Chase (MD): Howard Hughes Medical Institute; c1991 [updated 2002 Spring; cited 2006 Nov 20]. [about 4 p.]. Available from: http://www.hhmi.org/genetictrail/e100.html
  • Contribution to an Internet book with author names having a particle or prefix (give as found in the publication)
    • de Marcas J. Aspects of serials management in Israeli academic libraries. In: 66th IFLA Council and General Conference [Internet]; 2000 Aug 13-18; Jerusalem, Israel. The Hague (Netherlands): International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions; [revised 2000 Jul 10; cited 2006 Nov 20]. [about 10 p.]. Available from: http://www.ifla.org/IV/ifla66/papers/085-144e.htm
  • Contribution to an Internet book with authors having compound last names
    • Shrader-Frechette K. Ethical issues in environmental and occupational health. In: Jennings B, Kahn J, Mastroianni A, Parker LS, editors. Ethics and public health: model curriculum [Internet]. Washington: Association of Schools of Public Health; 2003 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. p. 159-92. Available from: http://www.asph.org/UserFiles/EthicsCurriculum.pdf
  • Contribution to an Internet book with author affiliation included for all authors
    • Huntley A (Department of Dermatology, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA), Drugge R (New York University, New York, NY). Diabetes in skin disease. In: Drugge R, Dunn HA, editors. The electronic textbook of dermatology [Internet]. [place unknown]: Internet Dermatology Society, Inc.; c1995-2000 [cited 2006 Nov 17]. [about 27 screens]. Available from: http://telemedicine.org/stamford.htm
  • Contribution to an Internet book with author affiliation included for only the first author
    • Mouchawar J (Colorado Clinical Research Unit, Kaiser Permanente, Boulder, CO. judy.mouchawar@kp.org), Taplin S, Ichikawa L, Barlow WE, Geiger AM, Weinmann S, Gilbert J, Manos MM, Ulcickas Yood M. Late-stage breast cancer among women with recent negative screening mammography: do clinical encounters offer opportunity for earlier detection? In: Vogt TM, Wagner EH, editors. Health care systems as research platforms: the cancer research network [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): Oxford University Press; 2005 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. p. 39-46. Available from: http://jncimono.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/2005/35/39
  • Contribution to an Internet book with title having a subtitle
    • Mathios AD, Ippolito P. Health claims in food advertising and labeling: disseminating nutrition information to consumers. In: Frazao E, editor. America's eating habits: changes and consequences [Internet]. Washington: Department of Agriculture (US), Economic Research Service, Food and Rural Economics Division; 1999 May [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [106 KB]. Available from: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/aib750/aib750k.pdf
  • Contribution to an Internet book with title beginning with a lower-case letter or containing a special symbol or character
    • Anderson P, Kimble J. mRNA and translation. In: Riddle DL, Blumenthal T, Meyer BJ, Priess JR, editors. C. elegans 2 [Internet]. Plainview (NY): Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press; c1997 [cited 2006 Nov 16]. [about 25 screens]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=ce2.chapter.266
    • Wortmann R. Defects in ß-oxidation. In: Koopman WJ, Moreland LW, editors. Arthritis & allied conditions [Internet]. 15th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [2 paragraphs]. Available from: http://gateway.ut.ovid.com/gw1/ovidweb.cgi Subscription required to view.
    • or
    • Wortmann R. Defects in beta-oxidation. In: Koopman WJ, Moreland LW, editors. Arthritis & allied conditions [Internet]. 15th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [2 paragraphs]. Available from: http://gateway.ut.ovid.com/gw1/ovidweb.cgi Subscription required to view.
  • Contribution to an Internet book with a non-English title
    • Cannavo G, Favati A, Mule D. Mobbing aspetti medico-legali. In: Il mobbing [Internet]. Pisa (Italy): Melchiorre Gioia; 2001 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [about 5 p.]. Available from: http://www.melchiorregioia.it/2006/TAGETE_file/giurispr.%20mobbing.htm Italian.
  • Contribution to an Internet book with a non-English title, with translation
    • Cannavo G, Favati A, Mule D. Mobbing aspetti medico-legali [Medical-legal aspects of mobbing]. In: Il mobbing [Mobbing] [Internet]. Pisa (Italy): Melchiorre Gioia; 2001 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [about 5 p.]. Available from: http://www.melchiorregioia.it/2006/TAGETE_file/giurispr.%20mobbing.htm Italian.
  • Contribution to an Internet book with an edition statement
    • Neath SX. Anaphylaxis. In: Barkin RM, Rosen P, editors. Rosen & Barkin's 5-minute emergency medicine consult [Internet]. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2007 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [about 8 screens]. Available from: http://gateway.ut.ovid.com/gw1/ovidweb.cgi Subscription required to view.
  • Contribution to an Internet book with a government agency as publisher
    • Mathios AD, Ippolito P. Health claims in food advertising and labeling: disseminating nutrition information to consumers. In: Frazao E, editor. America's eating habits: changes and consequences [Internet]. Washington: Department of Agriculture (US), Economic Research Service, Food and Rural Economics Division; 1999 May [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [106 KB]. Available from: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/aib750/aib750k.pdf
  • Contribution to an Internet book with subordinate division to publisher
    • Boychuk RB. Case 10, Drooling, stridor, and a barking cough: croup?? In: Yamamoto LG, Inaba AS, DiMauro RM, editors. Radiology cases in pediatric emergency medicine [Internet]. Vol. 1. Honolulu (HI): University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics; 1994 Nov [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [about 7 screens]. Available from: http://www.hawaii.edu/medicine/pediatrics/pemxray/v1c10.html
  • Contribution to an Internet book with date of update/revision
    • Moore A, Moore J, Fowler S. Faculty development for the Net Generation. In: Oblinger DG, Oblinger JL, editors. Educating the Net Generation [Internet]. Boulder (CO): EDUCAUSE; c2005 [updated 2006 Jun 15; cited 2006 Nov 17]. [about 9 p.]. Available from: http://www.educause.edu/FacultyDevelopmentfortheNetGeneration/6071
    • Schmeck H Jr. How genetic disorders are inherited. In: Blazing a genetic trail: families and scientists join in seeking the flawed genes that cause disease [Internet]. Chevy Chase (MD): Howard Hughes Medical Institute; c1991 [updated 2002 Spring; cited 2006 Nov 20]. [about 4 p.]. Available from: http://www.hhmi.org/genetictrail/e100.html
  • Contribution to an Internet book with location (pagination) expressed as standard page numbers
    • Shrader-Frechette K. Ethical issues in environmental and occupational health. In: Jennings B, Kahn J, Mastroianni A, Parker LS, editors. Ethics and public health: model curriculum [Internet]. Washington: Association of Schools of Public Health; 2003 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. p. 159-92. Available from: http://www.asph.org/UserFiles/EthicsCurriculum.pdf
  • Contribution to an Internet book with location (pagination) expressed as other than standard page numbers
    • Schmeck H Jr. How genetic disorders are inherited. In: Blazing a genetic trail: families and scientists join in seeking the flawed genes that cause disease [Internet]. Chevy Chase (MD): Howard Hughes Medical Institute; c1991 [updated 2002 Spring; cited 2006 Nov 20]. [about 4 p.]. Available from: http://www.hhmi.org/genetictrail/e100.html
    • Marcus M, Van Aken H. Prevention of local anaesthetic toxicity. In: Gatt SP, Pybus A, editors. Hypertextbook of regional anaesthesia for obstetrics: an international perspective [Internet]. [place unknown]: MANBIT Technologies; [2000?] [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [about 3 screens]. Available from: http://www.manbit.com/oa/oaindex.htm by selecting Marcus from the Author Index.
    • Wortmann R. Defects in ß-oxidation. In: Koopman WJ, Moreland LW, editors. Arthritis & allied conditions [Internet]. 15th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [2 paragraphs]. Available from: http://gateway.ut.ovid.com/gw1/ovidweb.cgi Subscription required to view.
    • Khan MK, Zhang J, Tian L. Protecting biometric data for personal identification. In: Advances in biometric person authentication [Internet]. SINOBIOMETRICS 2004: 5th Chinese Conference on Biometric Recognition; 2004 Dec 13-14; Guangzhou, China. Berlin: Springer; 2004 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [245 KB]. Available from: http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/mcu60u211xf6w90w/?p=8031e82410a44d8d867641ae718de705&pi=71 Subscription required to view.
    • Chorba T, Tao G, Irwin KL. Sexually transmitted diseases. In: Litwin MS, Saigal CS, editors. Urologic diseases in America [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (US); 2004 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. Chapter 9. Available from: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/statistics/uda/UTI_STD.pdf#page=91
  • Contribution to an Internet book that is part of a series
    • Mathios AD, Ippolito P. Health claims in food advertising and labeling: disseminating nutrition information to consumers. In: Frazao E, editor. America's eating habits: changes and consequences [Internet]. Washington: Department of Agriculture (US), Economic Research Service, Food and Rural Economics Division; 1999 May [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [106 KB]. (Agriculture information bulletin; no. AIB750). Available from: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/aib750/aib750k.pdf
  • Contribution to an Internet book with a URL not directly addressable
    • Marcus M, Van Aken H. Prevention of local anaesthetic toxicity. In: Gatt SP, Pybus A, editors. Hypertextbook of regional anaesthesia for obstetrics: an international perspective [Internet]. [place unknown]: MANBIT Technologies; [2000?] [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [about 3 screens]. Available from: http://www.manbit.com/oa/oaindex.htm by selecting Marcus from the Author Index.
  • Contribution to an Internet book with a Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
    • Mouchawar J, Taplin S, Ichikawa L, Barlow WE, Geiger AM, Weinmann S, Gilbert J, Manos MM, Ulcickas Yood M. Late-stage breast cancer among women with recent negative screening mammography: do clinical encounters offer opportunity for earlier detection? In: Vogt TM, Wagner EH, editors. Health care systems as research platforms: the cancer research network [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): Oxford University Press; 2005 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. p. 39-46. Available from: http://jncimono.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/2005/35/39 DOI: 10.1093/jncimonographs/lgi036
  • Contribution to an Internet book with system requirements included
    • Levin B. Colorectal cancer. In: Dale DC, Antman K, Atkinson JP, Feldman M, Gibbons RJ, Haynes RB, Henrich JB, Henrich WL, Holtzman MJ, Lebwohl MG, Levinson W, Loriaux DL, Ruddy S, Wolinsky JS, editors. ACP medicine [Internet]. New York: Web MD Inc.; c2005 [updated 2006 Jan; cited 2006 Nov 20]. [16 p.]. Available from: http://www.acpmedicine.com/acp_sampleChapters.htm System Requirements: Netscape Navigator 7.0 (or later) or Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.0 (or later); browser must be Java-enabled.
  • Contribution to an Internet book with a supplemental note
    • Neath SX. Anaphylaxis. In: Barkin RM, Rosen P, editors. Rosen & Barkin's 5-minute emergency medicine consult [Internet]. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; c2007 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [about 8 screens]. Available from: http://gateway.ut.ovid.com/gw1/ovidweb.cgi Subscription required to view.
    • Shrader-Frechette K. Ethical issues in environmental and occupational health. In: Jennings B, Kahn J, Mastroianni A, Parker LS, editors. Ethics and public health: model curriculum [Internet]. Washington: Association of Schools of Public Health; 2003 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. p. 159-92. Available from: http://www.asph.org/UserFiles/EthicsCurriculum.pdf This project was supported under a cooperative agreement from the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) through grant number 1D-38AH10001-05.
  • Contribution to an Internet book in one volume of a multivolume set
    • Boychuk RB. Case 10, Drooling, stridor, and a barking cough: croup?? In: Yamamoto LG, Inaba AS, DiMauro RM, editors. Radiology cases in pediatric emergency medicine [Internet]. Vol. 1. Honolulu (HI): University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics; 1994 Nov [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [about 7 screens]. Available from: http://www.hawaii.edu/medicine/pediatrics/pemxray/v1c10.html
  • Contributed paper in a conference proceedings on the Internet
    • Khan MK, Zhang J, Tian L. Protecting biometric data for personal identification. In: Advances in biometric person authentication [Internet]. SINOBIOMETRICS 2004: 5th Chinese Conference on Biometric Recognition; 2004 Dec 13-14; Guangzhou, China. Berlin: Springer; 2004 [cited 2006 Nov 20]. [245 KB]. Available from: http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/mcu60u211xf6w90w/?p=8031e82410a44d8d867641ae718de705&pi=71
  • Part of a contributed chapter on the Internet
    • Margolese RG, Hortobagyi GN, Buchholz TA. Neoplasms of the breast. In: Kufe DW, Pollock RE, Weichselbaum RR, Bast RC Jr, Gansler TS, Holland JF, Frei E 3rd, editors. Cancer medicine 6 [Internet]. Hamilton (ON): B.C. Decker Inc.; c2003. Figure 121-13, Sinus histiocytosis; [cited 2006 Nov 7]; [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=cmed6.figgrp.30804