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Citing biomedical documents - National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Citing entire bibliographies
National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2010 Apr 30]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine

Components/elements listed in the order they should appear in a reference: (R) = required, (O) = optional

Author/Editor (R) | Author Affiliation (O) | Title (R) | Content Type (O) | Type of Medium (R) |Edition (R) | Editor and other Secondary Authors (O) | Place of Publication (R) | Publisher (R) | Date of Publication (R) | Pagination (O) | Physical Description (O) | Series (O) | Language (R) | Notes (O)

  • Standard citation with bibliography in the title
    • Khan N, Nakajima N, Vanderburg WH, compilers. Healthy work: an annotated bibliography. Lanham (MD): Scarecrow Press, Inc.; 2004. 376 p. 617 citations.
  • Standard citation without the word bibliography in the title (content type added)
    • Grayson L, compiler. Animals in research: for and against [bibliography]. London: British Library; c2000. 320 p.
  • Bibliography with optional full first names for compilers
    • Khan, Namir; Nakajima, Nina; Vanderburg, Willem H., compilers. Healthy work: an annotated bibliography. Lanham (MD): Scarecrow Press, Inc.; 2004. 376 p. 617 citations.
  • Bibliography with compilers and editors
    • Jackson E, compiler. Safer sex guidelines bibliography: healthy sexuality and HIV; an annotated bibliography for educators and counselors. Allen B, editor. Ottawa (ON): Canadian AIDS Society; 1995. 17 p.
    • Sleet DA, Hopkins K, compilers and editors. Bibliography of behavioral science research in unintentional injury prevention. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention; 2004. 115 p. 900 citations from 1980-2003.
  • Bibliography with organization as compiler
    • Lewin Group, compiler. Annotated bibliography for managed behavioral health care, 1989-1999. Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US), Center for Mental Health Services, Office of Managed Care; 2000. 171 p. (DHHS publication; no. (SMA) 00-3424).
  • Bibliography with editors and other secondary authors, but no compilers
    • Lavallee C, Robinson E, editors. The health of the Eastern James Bay Cree: annotated bibliography = La sante des Cris de l'Est de la Baie James: bibliographie annotee. Orr M, illustrator. Montreal (QC): Montreal General Hospital, Northern Quebec Module; 1993. 71 p. English, French.
  • Bibliography with no compilers or editors
    • Teaching hospital costs: an annotated bibliography of the costs of medical education, patient care, and research at teaching hospitals. Washington: Association of American Medical Colleges; 2000. 165 p.
  • Bibliography with compiler affiliation(s) included
    • Zorn M (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD), Rowland JH (National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD), Varricchio CG (National Institute of Nursing Research, Bethesda, MD), compilers. Symptom management in cancer: pain, depression, and fatigue [bibliography]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2002 Jul. (Current bibliographies in medicine; no. 2002-4). 1803 citations from January 1990 through June 2002, plus selected earlier citations.
  • Bibliography with title in a language other than English
    • Mane Garzon F, Burgues Roca S, compilers. Publicaciones medicas uruguayas de los siglos XVIII y XIX [bibliography]. Montevideo (Uruguay): Oficina del Libro AEM; 1996. 253 p. Spanish.
  • Bibliography with title in a language other than English with translation
    • Mane Garzon F, Burgues Roca S, compilers. Publicaciones medicas uruguayas de los siglos XVIII y XIX [Uruguayan medical publications of the 18th and 19th centuries] [bibliography]. Montevideo (Uruguay): Oficina del Libro AEM; 1996. 253 p. Spanish.
  • Bibliography with title in multiple languages
    • Farren M, compiler. Infant mortality and health in Latin America: an annotated bibliography of the 1979-82 literature. Ottawa (ON): International Development Research Centre; 1984. 172 p. English, Spanish, Portuguese, French. 256 citations.
  • Bibliography with titles with parallel text in two languages
    • Lavallee C, Robinson E, editors. The health of the Eastern James Bay Cree: annotated bibliography = La sante des Cris de l'Est de la Baie James: bibliographie annotee. Orr M, illustrator. Montreal (QC): Montreal General Hospital, Northern Quebec Module; 1993. 71 p. English, French.
  • Bibliography with edition
    • Clamp CG, Gough S, Land L, compilers. Resources for nursing research: an annotated bibliography. 4th ed. London: Sage Publication, Limited; 2004. 432 p. Approximately 3,000 entries.
    • Marlatt GE, compiler. Chemical, biological, and nuclear terrorism/warfare: a bibliography. Rev. and updated. [Monterey (CA)]: Naval Postgraduate School (US), Dudley Knox Library; 2003 Sep. 297 p.
    • Prestwidge KJ, compiler. Bibliography of African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanics in engineering, science and the health professions. 5th ed., rev. Flushing (NY): Huespin Productions; 2002 Oct. 119 p.
  • Bibliography with well-known place of publication
    • Bondi K, editor. Chronic fatigue syndrome: overview abstracts and bibliography. New York: Nova Science Publishers; c2003. 236 p.
  • Bibliography with geographic qualifier added to place of publication for clarity
    • Arashvili NG, editor. Breast cancer: an annotated guide to the current literature [bibliography]. Commack (NY): Nova Science Publishers; c1995. 127 p.
  • Bibliography with place of publication inferred
    • Shakman SH, compiler. Automed A to Z: index to the literature 1894-1982 [bibliography]. [Santa Monica (CA)]: Institute of Science; c1994-1998. 96 leaves. Bibliography of 1690 citations on autohemotherapy, autogenous vaccines, and the works of E.C. Rosenow.
  • Bibliography with no place of publication found
    • Patterson KD, compiler. Infectious diseases in twentieth-century Africa: a bibliography of their distribution and consequences. [place unknown]: Crossroads Press; c1979. 251 p.
  • Bibliography with publisher with subsidiary department/division named
    • Becker B, Wechsler L, Hoolihan C, Weimer MF, compilers. The Bernard Becker collection in ophthalmology: an annotated catalog [bibliography]. St. Louis (MO): Washington University School of Medicine, Bernard Becker Medical Library; c1996. 180 p.
    • Bador G, Thoolen H, Martin SF, Allard D, compilers. A selected bibliography on refugee health. Geneva (Switzerland): United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Centre for Documentation on Refugees; 1991. 184 p.
  • Bibliography with national or governmental agency as publisher, with country qualifier added
    • Advancing women's status: women and men together? Gender, society and development [bibliography]. Amsterdam (Netherlands): Royal Tropical Institute (NL); 1995. 200 p.
    • Yuan FL, compiler. A selected bibliography on urbanization in China. Washington: Bureau of the Census (US), Center for International Research; 1991. 182 p. (CIR staff paper; no. 61).
  • Bibliography with joint publication
    • Haynes C, compiler. Ethnic minority health: a selected, annotated bibliography. Lanham (MD): Scarecrow Press; c1997. 503 p. A joint publication of the Medical Library Association.
  • Bibliography with no publisher found
    • Eide M, compiler. Adult survivors of incest/childhood sexual abuse: a selected, annotated list of books [bibliography]. 3rd ed. Ypsilanti (MI): [publisher unknown];c1997. 110 p.
  • Bibliography with no place of publication or publisher found
    • Rykov M, Salmon D, compilers. Bibliography for music therapy in palliative care 1963-1996. [place unknown: publisher unknown]; 1996. 15 p.
  • Bibliography with standard date of publication
    • Shenk D, Sokolovsky J, compilers. Cultural perspectives on aging [bibliography]. Washington: Association for Gerontology in Higher Education; 1997. 8 p.
  • Bibliography with month and year of publication
    • Reinhardt V, Reinhardt A, compilers. Annotated bibliography on refinement and environmental enrichment for primates kept in laboratories. 8th ed. Washington: Animal Welfare Institute; 2005 Jan. 89 p.
  • Bibliography with multiple years
    • Shakman SH, compiler. Automed A to Z: index to the literature 1894-1982 [bibliography]. [Santa Monica (CA)]: Institute of Science; c1994-1998. 96 leaves. Bibliography of 1690 citations on autohemotherapy, autogenous vaccines, and the works of E.C. Rosenow.
  • Bibliography with date of publication estimated
    • Patton LT, compiler. Community health centers: a working bibliography. Washington: National Association of Community Health Centers; [1989?]. 76 p.
  • Bibliography with no date of publication, but a date of copyright
    • Bondi K, editor. Chronic fatigue syndrome: overview abstracts and bibliography. New York: Nova Science Publishers; c2003. 236 p.
  • Bibliography with no date of publication or copyright found
    • Bustad LK, Hegreberg GA, Padgett GA, compilers. Naturally occurring animal models of human disease: a bibliography. Washington: National Academy of Sciences (US), Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources; [date unknown]. 99 p.
  • Bibliography with standard pagination
    • Brogdon J, Olsen WC, editors. The contemporary and historical literature of food science and human nutrition [bibliography]. Ithaca (NY): Cornell University Press; c1995. 296 p.
  • Bibliography published in more than one volume
    • Nation EF, Roland CG, McGovern JP, compilers. An annotated checklist of Osleriana [bibliography]. Montreal (QC): McGill University, Osler Library; 2000. 2 vol.
  • No page numbers on the pages of the bibliography
    • Shakman SH, compiler. Automed A to Z: index to the literature 1894-1982 [bibliography]. [Santa Monica (CA)]: Institute of Science; c1994-1998. 96 leaves. Bibliography of 1690 citations on autohemotherapy, autogenous vaccines, and the works of E.C. Rosenow.
  • Bibliography in a series
    • Mullner RM, Jewell M, compilers. A bibliography of recent works on home health care. Lewiston (NY): Edwin Mellen Press; c2000. 184 p. (Studies in health and human services; vol. 37).
  • Bibliography in a series with series editor's name included
    • Selden CR, Kelliher R, compilers. Distance education in public health [bibliography]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2003 Dec. (Patrias K, editor. Current bibliographies in medicine; no. 2003-3). 471 citations from January 1998 through October 2003.
  • Bibliography in a microform
    • Rudd RE, Colton Tayla, Schacht R, compilers. An overview of medical and public health literature addressing literacy issues: an annotated bibliography [microfiche]. Cambridge (MA): Harvard Graduate School of Education; 2000. 1 microfiche: black & white, 4 x 6 in.
    • Williams LA, compiler. Family violence and American Indians/Alaska Natives: a report to the Indian Health Service Office of Women's Health [bibliography on microfiche]. [Bethesda (MD)]: Department of Health and Human Services (US), Indian Health Service, Office of Women's Health; 2002 Oct. 96 p. 1 microfiche: black & white, 4 x 6 in.
  • Bibliography with note on number of citations, date range
    • Zorn MA, Allen MP, Horowitz AM, compilers. Understanding health literacy and its barriers [bibliography]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2004. 38 p. 651 citations from January 1998 through November 2003.
  • Bibliography that is government sponsored
    • Kolyada L, compiler. Health systems strengthening and HIV/AIDS: annotated bibliography and resources. Bethesda (MD): Abt Associates; 2004 Mar. 75 p. Contract No.: HRN-C-OO-95-00024. 101 citations from 1995 to 2004. Funded by the US Agency for International Development.
  • Bibliography with availability statement
    • Cumulative trauma disorders in the workplace: bibliography. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US), Education and Information Division; 1995. 209 p. Available from: US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC; HE 20.7114:T 69.
  • Bibliography accompanied by a CD-ROM, disk, or other medium
    • Jones R, editor. Bibliography of commonwealth apiculture. London: Commonwealth Secretariat; 2005. 348 p. Accompanied by: 1 CD-ROM.
    • Sacks JM, Bilaniuk MT, Gendron JM, editors. Bibliography of psychodrama: inception to date. New York: Psychodrama Center of New York; c1995. 129 p. Accompanied by: 2 disks: 3 1/2 in. One disk is for an IBM Personal Computer, the other is for a Macintosh.
  • Bibliography with other supplemental notes
    • An album of publications of BIRPERHT [bibliography]. Dhaka (Bangladesh): BIRPERHT; 1997. 40 p. (BIRPERHT publication; no. 114). BIRPERHT stands for Bangladesh Institute of Research for Promotion of Essential & Reproductive Health and Technologies.
    • Beguin Stockli D, compiler. Genitale Verstummelung von Frauen: eine Bibliographie [Female genital mutilation: a bibliography]. Bern (Switzerland): Institut fur Ethnologie der Universitat Bern; 1993. 72 p. German. Located at: National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; 1996 C-377.