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Citing biomedical documents - National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Citing entire journal titles
National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2010 Apr 30]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine

Components/elements listed in the order they should appear in a reference: (R) = required, (O) = optional

Title (R) | Edition (R) | Type of Medium (R) | Editor (O) | Place of Publication (R) | Publisher (R) | Volume Number (R) | Issue Number (R) | Date of Publication (R) | Physical Description (O) | Language (R) | Notes (O)

  • Standard journal title that is still being published
    • Advances in Applied Microbiology. San Diego: Academic Press. Vol. 1, 1959 -   .
  • Standard journal title that has ceased publication
    • Clinics in Endocrinology and Metabolism. London: W.B. Saunders. Vol. 1, Mar 1972 - Vol. 15, No. 4, Nov 1986.
  • Journal title with subtitle
    • Blood Purification: Official Journal of the International Society of Blood Purification (ISBP), Vascular Access Society (VAS), Japanese Society of Hemodiafiltration (JS-HDF). Basel (Switzerland): S. Karger AG. Vol. 1, 1983 -   .
    • Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care. St. Louis (MO): Mosby. Vol. 1, Jan-Feb 1972 -   .
    • Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry. Official Journal of the Nitric Oxide Society. Orlando (FL): Academic Press. Vol. 1, No. 1, Feb 1997 -   .
  • Journal title with edition
    • BMJ (Clinical Research Edition). London: British Medical Association. Vol. 297, No. 6640, Jul 2, 1988 -   .
  • Journal title published in parts
    • American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics. Hoboken (NJ): Wiley-Liss. Vol. 117C, No. 1, Feb 15, 2003 -   .
    • Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance. Washington: American Psychological Association. Vol. 1, Feb 1975 -   .
    • Acta Crystallographica. Section A, Foundations of Crystallography. Copenhagen: Munksgaard. Vol. A39, Pt. 1, Jan 1, 1983 -   .
  • Journal title not in English
    • Tidsskrift for Den norske laegeforening. Oslo (Norway): Norske Laegeforening. Vol. 10, Jan 1980 -   . Norwegian.
  • Journal title not in English, with optional translation
    • Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux [Archives of Diseases of the Heart and Vessels]. Paris: Bailliere. Vol. 30, No. 4, Apr 1937 -   . French.
  • Journal title published in two equal languages
    • Canadian Family Physician = Medecin de Famille Canadien. Mississauga (ON): College of Family Physicians of Canada. Vol. 13, No. 7, Jul 1967 -   . English, French.
  • Journal title published in multiple languages
    • Acta Dermato-Venereologica. Oslo (Norway): Scandinavian University Press. Vol. 1, 1920 -   . English, French, German.
  • Journal title with editor included
    • Folia Primatologica: International Journal of Primatology. R.H. Crompton, editor. Basel (Switzerland): S. Karger AG. Vol. 1, 1963 -   .
  • Journal title with well-known place of publication
    • Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Vol. 1, No. 1, 1996 -   .
  • Journal title with lesser-known place of publication
    • Biological Research for Nursing. Thousand Oaks (CA): Sage Publications, Inc. Vol. 1, No. 1, Jul 1999 -   .
  • Journal title with place of publication inferred
    • ACOG Technology Assessment in Obstetrics and Gynecology. [Washington]: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. No. 1, 2002 -   .
  • Journal title with unknown place of publication
    • Acta Radiologica: Therapy, Physics, Biology. [place unknown]: Societies of Medical Radiology in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. Vol. 1, 1963 - Vol. 16, 1977.
  • Journal title with well-known publisher
    • Head & Neck. New York: Wiley. Vol. 11, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1989 -   .
  • Journal title with government agency or national or international organization as publisher
    • MMWR. CDC Surveillance Summaries. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US). Vol. 32, No. 3SS, Aug 1983 - Vol. 50, No. SS-5, Dec 7, 2001.
    • Addictions Newsletter. Wellington (New Zealand): National Society on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NZ). Vol. 1, No. 1, 1984 -   .
  • Journal title publisher with subsidiary part
    • Cancer Molecular Biology: CMB. Cairo: Ain Shams Faculty of Medicine, Oncology Diagnostic Unit. Vol. 1, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1994 -   .
    • MMWR. Surveillance Summaries. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US), Epidemiology Program Office. Vol. 51, No. SS-1, Mar 29, 2002 -   .
  • Journal title with unknown publisher
    • Acta Therapeutica. Brussels: [publisher unknown]. Vol. 1, No. 1, 1975 - Vol. 23, No. 1-2, 1997.
  • Journal title with unknown place of publication and publisher
    • Al-Azhar Medical Journal. [place unknown: publisher unknown]. Vol. 1, 1972 - Vol. 31, 2002.
  • Journal title with volume and issue number
    • Clinical Lymphoma. Dallas (TX): Cancer Information Group. Vol. 1, No. 1, Jun 2000 -   .
  • Journal title with volume, but no issue number
    • Annual Review of Nursing Research. New York: Springer. Vol. 1, 1983 -   .
  • Journal title with issue number, but no volume
    • Sexual Health Exchange. Amsterdam (Netherlands): Royal Tropical Institute. No. 1, 1998 -   .
  • Journal title without volume or issue number
    • Clinical Transplants. Los Angeles: UCLA Tissue Typing Laboratory. 1986 -   .
    • Harvard AIDS Review. Cambridge (MA): Harvard AIDS Institute. Fall 1995 - Winter 2001.
    • Nordisk Medicinhistorisk Arsbok. Stockholm (Sweden): Museum of Medical History, Stockholm. 1968 - 1996.
  • Journal title published in more than one series
    • The American Journal of the Medical Sciences. Hagerstown (MD): Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Vol. 1, Nov 1827 - Vol. 26, Aug 1840; NS Vol. 1, Jan 1841 -   .
    • Medicina nei Secoli. Rome: University of Rome, Institute for the History of Medicine. Vol. 1, 1964 - Vol. 21, 1984; NS Vol. 1, 1989 - . English, French, German, Italian, Spanish.
  • Journal title with multiple month(s) in date
    • Clinical Nephrology. Munich (Germany): Dustri-Verlag Dr Karl Feistle. Vol. 1, Jan-Feb 1973 -   .
  • Journal title with days of the month included in date
    • British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition). London: British Medical Association. Vol. 282, No. 6257, Jan 3, 1981 - Vol. 296, No. 6639, Jun 25, 1988.
  • Journal title with season in date
    • Journal of Gerontological Social Work. Binghamton (NY): Haworth Press. Vol. 1, Fall 1978 -   .
  • Journal title with multiple seasons in date
    • The ACA Journal. Towson (MD): American Council on Alcoholism. Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring 1987 - Fall-Winter 1990.
    • Advanced Practice Nurse: APN. Encino (CA): Petersons/Cog Publishing Group. Spring-Summer 1994 - Fall-Winter 1995.
  • Journal title with multiple years in beginning or ending dates of publication
    • Nursing Forum. Philadelphia: Nursecom Inc. Vol. 1, Winter 1961-1962 -   .
    • The Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. Beaumaris (Australia): ACNEM. Vol. 15, No. 2, Dec 1996-May 1997 - Vol. 16, No. 1, Dec 1997. Continues: Journal of the Australian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine. Continued by: ACNEM Journal.
  • Journal title previously published under another name
    • Molecular Immunology. Oxford (UK): Pergamon Press. Vol. 16, 1979 -   . Continues: Immunochemistry.
  • Journal title continuing to be published under another name
    • Immunochemistry. Oxford (UK): Pergamon Press. Vol. 1, Apr 1964 - Vol. 15, Dec 1978. Continued by: Molecular Immunology.
  • Journal title both previously published and continuing to be published under another name
    • Nursing & Health Care: Official Publication of the National League for Nursing. New York: National League for Nursing. Vol. 1, No. 1, Jul-Aug 1980 - Vol. 15, No. 10, Dec 1994. Continues: NLN News. Continued by: N & HC Perspectives on Community.
  • Journal title with note on Internet availability
    • American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. Bethesda (MD): American Physiological Society. Vol. 1, No. 1, Aug 1989 -   . Also available on the Internet: http://ajplung.physiology.org/.
  • Journal title with sponsorship note
    • The Journal of Infection. Kent (UK): W.B. Saunders. Vol. 1, Mar 1979 -   . Sponsored by the British Society for the Study of Infection.
  • Journal title with frequency of publication note
    • Nursing History Review: Official Journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing. New York: Springer Publishing. Vol. 1, 1993 -   . Annual.
    • Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co. Vol. 1, No. 1, Jul 1992 -   . Quarterly.
  • Journal title with ISSN note
    • Chronic Respiratory Disease. London: Hodder Arnold Journals. Vol. 1, 2004 -   . ISSN: 1479-9723.
  • Journal title with note on a library where it may be located
    • European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery: Official Journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery. Oxford (UK): Elsevier Science. Vol. 1, No. 1, Jul 1987 -   . Located at: National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; W1 EU72BF.
  • Journal title with distributor note
    • FDA Consumer. Rockville (MD): Food and Drug Administration (US). Vol. 6, No. 6, Jul-Aug 1972 -   . Available from: US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC; HE 20.4010. Continues: FDA Papers.
  • Journal title in a microform
    • Bioimaging [microfiche]. Bristol (UK): Institute of Physics Publishing. Vol. 1, No. 1, Mar 1993 - Vol. 6, No. 4, Dec 1998. Microfiche: negative, 4 x 6 in.
  • Journal title accompanied by a CD-ROM, videocassette, etc.
    • Alzheimers Disease. London: Current Drugs. Vol. 1, No. 1, 1996 -   . Accompanied by: CD-ROMs.
    • Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society. New York: Wiley-Liss. Vol. 1, No. 1, 1986 -   . Accompanied by: Videocassette supplements.
    • British Journal of Sports Medicine. London: BMJ Publishing Group. Vol. 4, 1969 -   . Recent articles accompanied by videos available on the Internet via http://bjsm.bmjjournals.com/.
  • Journal title with examples of other notes
    • Journal of Morphology. New York: Wiley-Liss. Vol. 1, Jun 1887 - Vol. 38, Jun 1924; Vol. 52, No. 2, 1931 -   . Issued Sep 1924 - Sep 1931 with title: Journal of Morphology and Physiology.
    • Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. Vol. 154, No.1-6, Jan-Feb 1964 -   . English translation from the Russian of articles on biology from Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR and Doklady Akademii Nauk.
    • Acta Psychologica. Amsterdam (Netherlands): North Holland Publishing. Vol. 1, 1935 -   . Publication suspended 1942-48.