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Citing biomedical documents - National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Citing forthcoming journal articles
National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2010 Apr 30]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine

Components/elements listed in the order they should appear in a reference: (R) = required, (O) = optional

Author (R) | Author Affiliation (O) | Article Title (R) | Article Type (O) | Journal Title (R) | Edition (R) | Type of Medium (R) | Volume Number (O) | Issue Number (O) | Language (R) | Notes (R)

  • Standard citation for a forthcoming article
    • Laking G, Lord J, Fischer A. The economics of diagnosis. Health Econ. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article with optional full first names
    • Burgio, Kathryn L.; Goode, Patricia S.; Richter, Holly E.; Locher, Julie L.; Roth, David L. Global ratings of patient satisfaction and perceptions of improvement with treatment for urinary incontinence: validation of three global patient ratings. Neurourol Urodyn. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article with author names showing designation of rank in a family
    • Loudon RP, Silver LD, Yee HF Jr, Gallo G. RhoA-kinase and myosin II are required for the maintenance of growth cone polarity and guidance by nerve growth factor. J Neurobiol. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article with authors having compound surnames
    • Navarro-Sarabia F, Ariza-Ariza R, Hernandez-Cruz B, Villanueva I. Adalimumab for treating rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article with prefixes or particles in author surnames
    • O'Rourke E, Hussain R, Buscombe JR, Hilson AJ. Overlying urostomy bag simulating urinary leak in a postrenal transplant MAG3 study. Clin Nucl Med. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article with no author or editor
    • NCRP Report 151. Structural shielding design and evaluation for megavoltage x-and gamma-ray radiotherapy facilities. J Radiol Prot. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article with author affiliation
    • Culley MR (Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA), Conkling M, Emshoff J, Blakely C, Gorman D. Environmental and contextual influences on school violence and its prevention. J Prim Prev. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article title beginning with a lower case letter
    • Sun Y. p53 and its downstream proteins as molecular targets of cancer. Mol Carcinog. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article title containing Greek letters, superscripts, or subscripts
    • Suzuki T, Hide I, Matsubara A, Hama C, Harada K, Miyano K, Andra M, Matsubayashi H, Sakai N, Kohsaka S, Inoue K, Nakata Y. Microglial α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors drive a phospholipase C/IP3 pathway and modulate the cell activation toward a neuroprotective role. J Neurosci Res. Forthcoming 2006.
    • or
    • Suzuki T, Hide I, Matsubara A, Hama C, Harada K, Miyano K, Andra M, Matsubayashi H, Sakai N, Kohsaka S, Inoue K, Nakata Y. Microglial alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors drive a phospholipase C/IP(3) pathway and modulate the cell activation toward a neuroprotective role. J Neurosci Res. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article with a title not in English
    • Collinet P, Decanter C, Lefebvre C, Leroy JL, Vinatier D. [Endometriosis and infertility]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil. French. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article with a title not in English with optional original title included
    • Collinet P, Decanter C, Lefebvre C, Leroy JL, Vinatier D. Endometriose et infertilite [Endometriosis and infertility]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil. French. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article that is a letter to the editor
    • Ch'ng A, Lowe M. Celecoxib allergies and cross-reactivity [letter]. Intern Med J. Forthcoming 2006.
    • Thabet F, Tilouche S, Tabarki B, Boukadida J, Yacoub M. [Listeria monocytogenes meningitis in an immunocompetent child (letter)]. Arch Pediatr. French. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article in a journal title with an edition
    • Altintas EB, Yavuz H, Say R, Denizli A. Methacryloylamidoglutamic acid having porous magnetic beads as a stationary phase in metal chelate affinity chromatography. J Biomater Sci (Polym Ed). Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article in a journal title with a place of publication added
    • Perea-Carrasco R, Castano-Lopez MA, Perez-Coronel R. [Adequate use of drugs and therapeutic efficacy]. Med Clin (Barc). Spanish. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article in an Internet journal
    • Reich T, Gefen A. Effect of trabecular bone loss on cortical strain rate during impact in an in vitro model of avian femur. Biomed Eng Online [Internet]. Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article with volume and issue predicted
    • Velentgas P, West W, Cannuscio CC, Watson DJ, Walker AM. Cardiovascular risk of selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors and other non-aspirin non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 15(5). Forthcoming 2006.
  • Forthcoming article with specific date predicted
    • Laking G, Lord J, Fischer A. The economics of diagnosis. Health Econ. Forthcoming 2006 May 2.
  • Forthcoming article with no date predicted
    • Zawada J, Swartz J. Effects of growth rate on cell extract performance in cell-free protein synthesis. Biotechnol Bioeng. Forthcoming.
  • Forthcoming article with other types of note
    • Sun Y. p53 and its downstream proteins as molecular targets of cancer. Mol Carcinog. Forthcoming 2006. Review.
    • Kraemer HC, Frank E, Kupfer DJ. Moderators of treatment outcomes: clinical, research, and policy importance. JAMA. Forthcoming 2006. Supported by grants from the National Institute on Aging and the National Institute of Mental Health.
    • American Academy of Family Physicians. Information from your family doctor. What you should know about worrying too much. Am Fam Physician. 73(6). Forthcoming 2006. Patient education handout to be included.