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Citing biomedical documents - National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Citing individual manuscripts
National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2010 Apr 30]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine

Components/elements listed in the order they should appear in a reference: (R) = required, (O) = optional

Author (R) | Author Affiliation (O) | Title (R) | Type of Medium (R) | Secondary Author (O) | Date (R) | Pagination (O) | Physical Description (O) | Availability (O) | Language (R) | Notes (O)

  • Manuscript standard citation with full name for authors
    • Wiprud, Theodore. The versatile Dr. Thornton. 1976. 86 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 305.
  • Manuscript authors with optional initials for first names
    • Wiprud T. The versatile Dr. Thornton. 1976. 86 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 305.
  • Manuscript author name or secondary author name with designations of rank within a family
    • Heister, Lorenz. Of the four divisions of the trunk of the human body. Manby, Edward Jr., translator. [circa 1800]. 188 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 386.
  • Manuscript authors with prefixes or particles in their names
    • McIlwaine, Robert R. An inaugural thesis on mania a potu. 1839 Feb 20. 15 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 432.
  • Manuscript authors with compound last names
    • Berengario da Carpi, Jacopo. Berengario: de fractura cranei. Seaman, William M., translator. [circa 1940]. 149 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 1036.
  • Manuscript authors with only a surname
    • Galen. Ars medica [microfilm]. [circa 1250]. 14 leaves. 1 reel: black & white, negative, 35 mm. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; Film C124. Latin.
  • Manuscript with organization as author
    • Bangor State Hospital. Eastern Maine Insane Hospital account ledger book. 1904 Dec 1-1908 Nov 30. 406 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS F 161.
  • Manuscript with more than one author
    • Jennings, Allan H.; King, W.V. An intensive study of insects as a possible etiologic factor in pellagra. [1913?]. 42 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 61.
  • Manuscript with no authors found
    • Review and analysis of Letort's medical services in modern armies: observations and recollections of the late war. [1970?]. 52 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS F 285.
  • Manuscript with author affiliation included
    • Nemec, Jaroslav (History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD). [Manuscript of essays by Jaroslav Nemec on the history of medicolegal relations]. [1991?]. 0.2 linear feet. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS ACC 685.
  • Manuscript with constructed title
    • Reeves, James Edmund. [President's address delivered at the opening of the 13th annual meeting of the American Public Health Association]. 1885 Dec 8. 32 leaves. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS F 267.
    • Hood, Thomas B. (Howard University, Washington, DC). [Notes of lectures on the practice of medicine]. [circa 1880s]. 162 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 414.
    • Graves, George W. [Pharmacological notebook]. [circa 1874-1885]. 46 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 403.
  • Manuscript with title in a language other than English
    • Descomps, Pierre. Appendicites chroniques et epiploite. [1906?]. 1921 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS F 145. French.
  • Manuscript with title in a language other than English with optional translation
    • De la grippe et de son traitement par le sulfate de quinine: 2 e partie. Résumé d'une vaste enquète sur les résultats de ce traitement, au point de vue des rechûtes et des accidents tardifs (2,000 cas) [The grippe and its treatment with quinine sulfate: part 2. Review of the vast research on treatment results (2,000 cases)]. 1891. 11 leaves. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS F 313. French.
  • Manuscript with translators and other secondary authors
    • Berengario da Carpi, Jacopo. Berengario: De fractura cranei. Seaman, William M., translator. [circa 1940]. 149 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 1036.
    • Cochon du Puy, Jean. Manuel des operations de chirurgerie par monsieur De Puys premier medicine du Royal Hopital de la Marine de Rochefort [Surgical operations manual of Monsieur De Puy, chief of medicine of the Royal Hospital de la Marine de Rochefort]. Ferret, M., compiler. 1757. 178 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 409. French.
    • Taussig, Helen B. Helen B. Taussig: transcript of interview. Janeway, Charles A., interviewer. 1976 Sep 15. 52 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; OH 74.
  • Manuscript with standard date
    • Newcomb, Clive. On an outbreak of relapsing fever in Turkey in 1918. 1919. 1 box. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 524.
  • Manuscript date with month or month and day provided
    • Kansas Legislative Council, Research Department. The basic sciences: their relationship to the control and regulation of the healing arts. 1937 Feb. 20 leaves. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS F 280.
    • Delavan, David Bryson. Memorial: Andrew Rose Robinson. 1929 Dec 7. 21 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS F 266.
  • Manuscript with multiple dates
    • Semmola, Mariano. Curability of cirrhosis hepatica. Lessons of clinical therapeutics given at the Hospital of Santa Maria della Pace. 1880-1889. 12 leaves. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS F 338.
    • Thorne, Jennie H. Nurse's manuscript diary. 1916 Oct 16-1917 Oct 12. 1 vol. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 1035.
  • Manuscript with date estimated
    • Mann, Lucile Quarry. Drug hunters: the Mulford biological explorations of the Amazon basin. [1977?]. 190 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 458.
    • Duncan, Louis C. Cholera at Fort Riley in 1855. [circa 1900]. 10 leaves. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 112.
    • Sacadura, Costa. Guia de parteiras por perguntas e respostas [Guide to questions and answers for midwives]. [circa 1700s]. 48 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 406. Portuguese.
    • Graves, George W. [Pharmacological notebook]. [circa 1874-1885]. 46 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 403.
  • Manuscript with no date found
    • Foltz, E.K. List of known cases of infection in line of duty in personnel of the U.S. Public Health Service, 1878-1936. [date unknown]. 6 leaves. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS F 329.
  • Manuscript with numbered pages
    • McKnight, George B. (College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY). An inaugural dissertation on cholera infantum. 1816 May 7. 26 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 443.
  • Manuscript in more than one volume
    • Wolfe, Edwin Phillip. Medical supplies and the supply service of the Medical Department, United States Army. [1920?]. 4 vol. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 284.
  • Manuscript with no numbers on the pages of the book
    • Cutter, William R. Manuscript in reference to small-pox epidemic at Woburn in 1815. 1815. 6 leaves. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS F 332.
  • Manuscript with physical description
    • Newcomb, Clive. On an outbreak of relapsing fever in Turkey in 1918. 1919. 1 box. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 524.
    • Nemec, Jaroslav (History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD). [Manuscript of essays by Jaroslav Nemec on the history of medicolegal relations]. [1991?]. 0.2 linear feet. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS ACC 685.
  • Manuscript in a microform
    • Galen. Ars medica [microfilm]. [circa 1250]. 14 leaves. 1 reel: black & white, negative, 35 mm. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; Film C124. Latin.
  • Manuscript with information on availability
    • Newcomb, Clive. On an outbreak of relapsing fever in Turkey in 1918. 1919. 1 box. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 524.
  • Manuscript with information about any restrictions on use
    • Taussig, Helen B. Helen B. Taussig: transcript of interview. Janeway, Charles A., interviewer. 1976 Sep 15. 52 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; OH 74. No part of this manuscript may be quoted without the written permission of the Director of the Schlesinger Library and Helen Brooke Taussig, M.D.
  • Manuscript with supplemental note included
    • Heister, Lorenz. Of the four divisions of the trunk of the human body. Manby, Edward Jr., translator. [circa 1800]. 188 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 386. Translated from the Compendium Anatomicum Laurentio Heisteri.
    • Descripcion y plan curativo de la epidemia que ha reinado en Queretaro desde fines de junio de este presente ano, hasta la fecha en que esto se escribia [Description and treatment plan for the epidemic that occurred in Queretaro from the end of June of this year, until the date of this writing]. 1825 Sep 27. 12 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 487. Spanish. Apparently written by a military doctor providing a concise history of the origins and progress of an epidemic of measles and scarlet fever that swept through the city of Queretaro, Mexico, during the summer and early fall of 1825.
    • Clarke, Charles Mansfield. Observations on those diseases of females which are attended by discharges. [circa 1814]. 168 leaves. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 363. Clarke's manuscript copy of chapters II-XVII of the first volume of his "Observations on those diseases of females which are attended by discharges," was first printed in London by Longman in 1814.
    • Chabert. Droguier a l'usage des eleves de l'Ecole Royalle Veterinaire. [circa 1780]. 368 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 387. French. Manuscript transcript from lectures or possibly Philibert Chabert's manuscript textbook of veterinary pharmacology. Chabert came to Paris where he taught at and, in 1780, took over the Royal Veterinary School.
    • Euchai eis asthenous kai diaphora iatrika eis astheneias. [date unknown]. 142 p. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS B 480. Greek. In two sections: the first is mainly Greek Orthodox Christian prayers for clergy members for the benefit of sick laypersons in their care; the second half contains recipes for medicines and directions for therapies, also written for clergy.
    • Newcomb, Clive. On an outbreak of relapsing fever in Turkey in 1918. 1919. 1 box. Located at: Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD; MS C 524. Original manuscript of the printed article found in the Indian Medical Gazette, June 1920.