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Citing biomedical documents - National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Citing journal articles on the Internet
National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2010 Apr 30]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine

Components/elements listed in the order they should appear in a reference: (R) = required, (O) = optional

Author (R) | Author Affiliation (O) | Article Title (R) | Article Type (O) | Journal Title (R) | Edition (R) | Content Type (O) | Type of Medium (R) | Date of Publication (R) | Date of Update/Revision (R) | Date of Citation (R) | Volume Number (R) | Issue Number (R) | Location (Pagination) (R) | Availability (R) | Language (R) | Notes (O)

  • Standard journal article on the Internet
    • Polgreen PM, Diekema DJ, Vandeberg J, Wiblin RT, Chen YY, David S, Rasmus D, Gerdts N, Ross A, Katz L, Herwaldt LA. Risk factors for groin wound infection after femoral artery catheterization: a case-control study. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol [Internet]. 2006 Jan [cited 2007 Jan 5];27(1):34-7. Available from: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/ICHE/journal/issues/v27n1/2004069/2004069.web.pdf
    • Poole KE, Compston JE. Osteoporosis and its management. BMJ [Internet]. 2006 Dec 16 [cited 2007 Jan 4];333(7581):1251-6. Available from: http://www.bmj.com/cgi/reprint/333/7581/1251?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&andorexactfulltext= and&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=relevance&volume=333&firstpage= 1251&resourcetype=HWCIT
    • Happell B. The influence of education on the career preferences of undergraduate nursing students. Aust Electron J Nurs Educ [Internet]. 2002 Apr [cited 2007 Jan 8];8(1):[about 12 p.]. Available from: http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/nhcp/aejne/vol8-1/refereed/happell_max.html
  • Journal article on the Internet with optional full names for authors
    • Huh, Jisu; Cude, Brenda J. Is the information "fair and balanced" in direct-to-consumer prescription drug website? J Health Commun [Internet]. 2004 Nov-Dec [cited 2007 Jan 5];9(6):529-40. Available from: http://journals.taylorandfrancis.com/forms/hcm/9_529.pdf
  • Journal article on the Internet with many authors (give all)
    • Terauchi Y, Takamoto I, Kubota N, Matsui J, Suzuki R, Komeda K, Hara A, Toyoda Y, Miwa I, Aizawa S, Tsutsumi S, Tsubamoto Y, Hashimoto S, Eto K, Nakamura A, Noda M, Tobe K, Aburatani H, Nagai R, Kadowaki T. Glucokinase and IRS-2 are required for compensatory beta cell hyperplasia in response to high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance. J Clin Invest [Internet]. 2007 Jan 2 [cited 2007 Jan 5];117(1):246-57. Available from: http://www.jci.org/cgi/content/full/117/1/246 doi:10.1172/JCI17645
  • Journal article on the Internet with author surnames showing designations of family rank
    • Jouyban A, Acree WE Jr. In silico prediction of drug solubility in water-ethanol mixtures using Jouyban-Acree model. J Pharm Pharm Sci [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2007 Jan 5];9(2):262-9. Available from: http://www.ualberta.ca/~csps/JPPS9_2/Dr_Jouyban/MS_820.htm
  • Journal article on the Internet with author surnames having a prefix, particle, or preposition (give as found in the article)
    • Puri S, O'Brian MR. The hmuQ and hmuD genes from Bradyrhizobium japonicum encode heme-degrading enzymes. J Bacteriol [Internet]. 2006 Sep [cited 2007 Jan 8];188(18):6476-82. Available from: http://jb.asm.org/cgi/content/full/188/18/6476?view=long&pmid=16952937
  • Journal article on the Internet with compound author surnames
    • Boutin-Foster C. In spite of good intentions: patients' perspectives on problematic social support interactions. Health Qual Life Outcomes [Internet]. 2005 Sep 5 [cited 2007 Jan 5];3(1):Article 52 [about 12 p.]. Available from: http://www.hqlo.com/content/3/1/52
  • Journal article on the Internet with organization(s) as author
    • National Osteoporosis Foundation of South Africa. Use of generic alendronate in the treatment of osteoporosis. S Afr Med J [Internet]. 2006 Aug [cited 2007 Jan 9];96(8):696-7. Available from: http://blues.sabinet.co.za/WebZ/Authorize?sessionid=0:autho=pubmed:password= pubmed2004&/AdvancedQuery?&format=F&next=images/ejour/m_samj/ m_samj_v96_n8_a12.pdf
  • Journal article on the Internet with a governmental body as author
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US), National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. Prevention and control of tuberculosis in correctional and detention facilities: recommendations from CDC. Endorsed by the Advisory Council for the Elimination of Tuberculosis, the National Commission on Correctional Health Care, and the American Correctional Association. MMWR Recomm Rep [Internet]. 2006 Jul 7 [cited 2007 Jan 9];55(RR-9):1-44. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5509a1.htm
  • Journal article on the Internet with no author
    • Prevention strategies for asthma--secondary prevention. CMAJ [Internet]. 2005 Sep 13 [cited 2007 Jan 5];173(6 Suppl):S25-7. Available from: http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/full/173/6_suppl/S25
  • Journal article on the Internet with author affiliation
    • Bratu S (Division of Infectious Diseases, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY. sbratu@aol.com), Landman D, Gupta J, Trehan M, Panwar M, Quale J. A population-based study examining the emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300 in New York City. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob [Internet]. 2006 Nov 30 [cited 2007 Jan 10];5:Article 29 [6 p.]. Available from: http://www.ann-clinmicrob.com/content/pdf/1476-0711-5-29.pdf
  • Journal article on the Internet not in English
    • Treves R. [Dupuytren's disease]. Reumatismo [Internet]. 2006 Jul-Sep [cited 2007 Jan 10];58(3):239-42. Available from: http://www.reumatismo.org/admin/filesArticoli/58-3-239.pdf Italian.
  • Journal article on the Internet not in English with optional original language included
    • Treves R. La malattia di Dupuytren [Dupuytren's disease]. Reumatismo [Internet]. 2006 Jul-Sep [cited 2007 Jan 10];58(3):239-42. Available from: http://www.reumatismo.org/admin/filesArticoli/58-3-239.pdf Italian.
  • Journal article on the Internet with equal text in two or more languages
    • National Advisory Committee on Immunization (CA). Update on the recommendations for the routine use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine for infants. An Advisory Committee Statement (ACS) = Mise a jour des recommandations relatives a l'utilisation courante du vaccin conjugue contre le pneumocoque chez les enfants en bas age. Une Declaration d'un Comite Consultatif (DCC). Can Commun Dis Rep [Internet]. 2006 May 1 [cited 2007 Jan 9];32(ACS-4):1-6. Available from: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/ccdr-rmtc/06vol32/acs-04/index.html English, French.
  • Journal article on the Internet with Greek letters in the title: Greek letters may be written out if special fonts are not available
    • Doukas J, Wrasidlo W, Noronha G, Dneprovskaia E, Fine R, Weis S, Hood J, Demaria A, Soll R, Cheresh D. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase γ/δ inhibition limits infarct size after myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A [Internet]. 2006 Dec 26 [cited 2007 Jan 9];103(52):19866-71. Available from: http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/103/52/19866
    • or
    • Doukas J, Wrasidlo W, Noronha G, Dneprovskaia E, Fine R, Weis S, Hood J, Demaria A, Soll R, Cheresh D. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma/delta inhibition limits infarct size after myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A [Internet]. 2006 Dec 26 [cited 2007 Jan 9];103(52):19866-71. Available from: http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/103/52/19866
  • Journal article on the Internet with other special characters in the title: superscripts/subscripts may be enclosed in parentheses if fonts not available
    • Langer R, Von Rahden BH, Nahrig J, Von Weyhern C, Reiter R, Feith M, Stein HJ, Siewert JR, Hofler H, Sarbia M. Prognostic significance of expression patterns of c-erbB-2, p53, p16INK4A, p27KIP1, cyclin D1 and epidermal growth factor receptor in oesophageal adenocarcinoma: a tissue microarray study. J Clin Pathol [Internet]. 2006 Jun [cited 2007 Jan 9];59(6):631-4. Available from: http://jcp.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/59/6/631
    • or
    • Langer R, Von Rahden BH, Nahrig J, Von Weyhern C, Reiter R, Feith M, Stein HJ, Siewert JR, Hofler H, Sarbia M. Prognostic significance of expression patterns of c-erbB-2, p53, p16(INK4A), p27(KIP1), cyclin D1 and epidermal growth factor receptor in oesophageal adenocarcinoma: a tissue microarray study. J Clin Pathol [Internet]. 2006 Jun [cited 2007 Jan 9];59(6):631-4. Available from: http://jcp.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/59/6/631
  • Journal article on the Internet with optional article type
    • Davidson A. Preventing adverse drug events [letter]. CMAJ [Internet]. 2007 Jan 2 [cited 2007 Jan 9];176(1):67-8. Available from: http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/reprint/176/1/67-a
    • Flegel K. Biographies of healers [book review]. CMAJ [Internet]. 2007 Jul 3 [cited 2008 Feb 19];177(1):70. Available from: http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/full/177/1/70
  • Journal article on the Internet with optional full journal title
    • Yeung PK, Feng JD, Fice D. Exercise hemodynamic and neurohormone responses as sensitive biomarkers for diltiazem in rats. Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2007 Jan 10];9(2):245-51. Available from: http://www.ualberta.ca/~csps/JPPS9_2/Dr_Yeung/MS_562.htm
  • Journal article on the Internet with journal title having an edition
    • Bertino E, Milani S, Fabris C, De Curtis M. Neonatal anthropometric charts: what they are, what they are not. Arch Dis Child (Fetal Neonatal Ed) [Internet]. 2007 Jan [cited 2007 Jan 9];92(1):F7-10. Available from: http://fn.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/92/1/F7
  • Journal article on the Internet with optional content type
    • Nomura K, Nakao M, Sato M, Yano E. Regular prescriptions for benzodiazepines: a cross-sectional study of outpatients at a university hospital. Intern Med [serial on the Internet]. 2006 [cited 2007 Jan 10];45(22):1279-83. Available from: http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/internalmedicine/45/22/1279/_pdf
  • Journal article on the Internet with month(s)/day(s) included in date of publication
    • Oseni S, Misztal I, Tsuruta S, Rekaya R. Genetic components of days open under heat stress. J Dairy Sci [Internet]. 2004 Sep [cited 2007 Jan 9];87(9):3022-8. Available from: http://jds.fass.org/cgi/content/full/87/9/3022
    • Finall AI, McIntosh SA, Thompson WD. Subcutaneous inflammation mimicking metastatic malignancy induced by injection of mistletoe extract. BMJ [Internet]. 2006 Dec 23 [cited 2007 Jan 9];333(7582):1293-4. Available from: http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/333/7582/1293
    • Huh J, Cude BJ. Is the information "fair and balanced" in direct-to-consumer prescription drug website? J Health Commun [Internet]. 2004 Nov-Dec [cited 2007 Jan 5];9(6):529-40. Available from: http://journals.taylorandfrancis.com/forms/hcm/9_529.pdf
  • Journal article on the Internet with season(s) included in date of publication
    • Withers R, Casson R, Shrimplin A. Narrowcasting to faculty and students: creating an efficient "research by subject" page. Electron J Acad Spec Librariansh [Internet]. 2005 Winter [cited 2005 Dec 28];6(3):[about 11 p.]. Available from: http://southernlibrarianship.icaap.org/content/v06n03/withers_r01.htm
  • Journal article on the Internet updated/revised after publication
    • Bernhardt JM, Felter EM. Online pediatric information seeking among mothers of young children: results from a qualitative study using focus groups. J Med Internet Res [Internet]. 2004 Mar 1 [updated 2006 Dec 10; cited 2007 Jan 5];6(1):e7 [about 13 p.]. Available from: http://www.jmir.org/2004/1/e7/.
    • Burke KJ, Paton D. Well-being in protective services personnel: organisational influences. Australas J Disaster Trauma Stud [Internet]. 2006 [changed 2006 Sep 26; cited 2007 Jan 8];2006(2):[about 17 p.]. Available from: http://www.massey.ac.nz/%7Etrauma/issues/2006-2/burke.htm
  • Journal article on the Internet with date having a supplement
    • Gaal P. Benefits and entitlements in the Hungarian health care system. Eur J Health Econ [Internet]. 2005 Dec [cited 2007 Jan 10];Suppl:37-45. Available from: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=16267656
  • Journal article on the Internet with standard volume and issue
    • Garg RK, Tandon S. Smoking habits of adolescents and the role of dentists. J Contemp Dent Pract [Internet]. 2006 May 1 [cited 2007 Jan 9];7(2):120-9. Available from: http://www.thejcdp.com/issue026/pdfs_web/garg.pdf
  • Journal article on the Internet with volume having a subdivision other than an issue
    • Pyysalo S, Salakoski T, Aubin S, Nazarenko A. Lexical adaptation of link grammar to the biomedical sublanguage: a comparative evaluation of three approaches. BMC Bioinformatics [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2007 Jan 9];7 Suppl 3:Article S2 [9 p.]. Available from: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1764446&blobtype=pdf
    • Duong CA, Sepulveda CA, Graham JB, Dickson KA. Mitochondrial proton leak rates in the slow, oxidative myotomal muscle and liver of the endothermic shortfin mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus) and the ectothermic blue shark (Prionace glauca) and leopard shark (Triakis semifasciata). J Exp Biol [Internet]. 2006 Jul [cited 2007 Jan 9];209(Pt 14):2678-85. Available from: http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/content/full/209/14/2678
    • Wilcox LS. Health education from 1775 to 2005. Prev Chronic Dis [Internet]. 2005 Nov [cited 2007 Jan 5];2 Spec No:[about 5 screens]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2005/nov/05_0134.htm
  • Journal article on the Internet with volume but no issue or other subdivision
    • Wolfe L. America's fidelity crisis: politics, hypocrisy and family values. Electron J Hum Sex [Internet]. 2006 Oct 25 [cited 2007 Jan 5];9:[about 8 p.]. Available from: http://www.ejhs.org/volume9/Wolfe.htm
  • Journal article on the Internet with issue but no volume
    • Suber P. Providing open access to past research articles, starting with the most important. SPARC Open Access Newsl [Internet]. 2004 Jun 2 [cited 2007 Jan 10];(74):[about 3 screens]. Available from: http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/06-02-04.htm#unbind
  • Journal article on the Internet with issue having a subdivision
    • Hsueh YS, Lee SY, Huang YT. Effects of global budgeting on the distribution of dentists and use of dental care in Taiwan. Health Serv Res [Internet]. 2004 Dec [cited 2007 Jan 9];39(6 Pt 2):2135-53. Available from: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=15544648
    • Prevention strategies for asthma--secondary prevention. CMAJ [Internet]. 2005 Sep 13 [cited 2007 Jan 5];173(6 Suppl):S25-7. Available from: http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/full/173/6_suppl/S25
    • Brain tumor registry of Japan. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) [Internet]. 1992 [cited 2007 Jan 9];32(7 Spec No):381-547. Available from: http://www.journalarchive.jst.go.jp/english/jnltoc_en.php?cdjournal=nmc1959&cdvol=32&noissue=7
  • Journal article on the Internet without standard volume or issue, but with article number
    • Cunningham PJ, May JH. Medicaid patients increasingly concentrated among physicians. Tracking Reports [Internet]. 2006 Aug [cited 2007 Mar 20]:Report 16 [5 p.]. Available from: http://www.hschange.com/CONTENT/866/866.pdf
    • Aoki TT, Grecu EO, Arcangeli MA, Meisenheimer R. Effect of intensive insulin therapy on abnormal circadian blood pressure pattern in patients with type I diabetes mellitus. Online J Curr Clin Trials [Internet]. 1995 Dec 15 [cited 2007 Jan 4]:Doc No 199 [about 10 screens]. Available from: http://www.oclc.org/firstsearch/. Subscription required to view.
  • Journal article on the Internet without standard volume, issue, or article number
    • Jacobs JL, Lee MT, Lindberg M, Kamin C. Problem-based learning, multimedia, and a paucity of behavioral issue learning. Med Educ Online [Internet]. 2005 [cited 2007 Jan 5]:[5 p.]. Available from: http://www.med-ed-online.org/pdf/l0000006.pdf
    • O'Neill M, Dupere S. Health promotion: the next generations. Rev Health Promot Educ Online [Internet]. 2005 [cited 2007 Jan 10]:[10 paragraphs]. Available from: http://www.rhpeo.org/reviews/2005/10/index.htm
  • Journal article on the Internet with location expressed as standard page numbers
    • Blair SN, Haskell WL. Objectively measured physical activity and mortality in older adults. JAMA [Internet]. 2006 Jul 12 [cited 2007 Jan 9];296(2):216-8. Available from: http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/296/2/216
  • Journal article on the Internet with a letter included in the page numbers, with letter before the numbers
    • Prevention strategies for asthma--secondary prevention. CMAJ [Internet]. 2005 Sep 13 [cited 2007 Jan 5];173(6 Suppl):S25-7. Available from: http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/full/173/6_suppl/S25
  • Journal article on the Internet with a letter included in the page numbers, with letter after the numbers
    • Goodacre R. Metabolomics of a superorganism. J Nutr [Internet]. 2007 Jan [cited 2007 Jan 9];137(1):259S-266S. Available from: http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/full/137/1/259S
  • Journal article on the Internet with roman numerals for page numbers
    • Meyer G, Foster N, Christrup S, Eisenberg J. Setting a research agenda for medical errors and patient safety. Health Serv Res [Internet]. 2001 Apr [cited 2007 Jan 9];36(1 Pt 1):x-xx. Available from: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1089210&blobtype=pdf
    • SIAARTI Study Group for Safety in Anesthesia and Intensive Care. Raccomandazioni per il trasporto inter ed intra ospedaliero del paziente critico = Recommendations on the transport of critically ill patient. Minerva Anestesiol [Internet]. 2006 Oct [cited 2007 Jan 9];72(10):XXXVII-LVII. Available from: http://www.minervamedica.it/index2.t?show=R02Y2006N10A0768F Italian, English.
  • Journal article on the Internet with location/extent expressed as estimated number of screens
    • Wilcox LS. Health education from 1775 to 2005. Prev Chronic Dis [Internet]. 2005 Nov [cited 2007 Jan 5];2 Spec No:[about 5 screens]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2005/nov/05_0134.htm
  • Journal article on the Internet with location/extent expressed as estimated number of pages
    • Withers R, Casson R, Shrimplin A. Narrowcasting to faculty and students: creating an efficient "research by subject" page. Electron J Acad Spec Librariansh [Internet]. 2005 Winter [cited 2005 Dec 28];6(3):[about 11 p.]. Available from: http://southernlibrarianship.icaap.org/content/v06n03/withers_r01.htm
  • Journal article on the Internet with location/extent expressed as paragraphs
    • Steinberg K. Wellness in every stage of life: a new paradigm for public health programs. Prev Chronic Dis [Internet]. 2007 Jan [cited 2007 Jan 10];4(1):[12 paragraphs]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2007/jan/06_0120.htm
  • Journal article on the Internet with location/extent expressed as an article number
    • Boutin-Foster C. In spite of good intentions: patients' perspectives on problematic social support interactions. Health Qual Life Outcomes [Internet]. 2005 Sep 5 [cited 2007 Jan 5];3(1):Article 52 [about 12 screens]. Available from: http://www.hqlo.com/content/3/1/52
    • Cipriano Silva M, Ludwick R. Is the doctor of nursing practice ethical? Online J Issues Nurs [Internet]. 2006 Mar 20 [cited 2007 Jan 10];11(2):Ethics 1 [about 8 p.]. Available from: http://nursingworld.org/ojin/ethicol/ethics_17.htm
    • Zozulya S, Echeverri F, Nguyen T. The human olfactory receptor repertoire. Genome Biol [Internet]. 2001 [cited 2007 Jan 5];2(6):research0018.1-0018.12 [about 21 p.]. Available from: http://genomebiology.com/2001/2/6/research/0018/.
    • Bernhardt JM, Felter EM. Online pediatric information seeking among mothers of young children: results from a qualitative study using focus groups. J Med Internet Res [Internet]. 2004 Mar 1 [updated 2006 Dec 10; cited 2007 Jan 5];6(1):e7 [about 13 p.]. Available from: http://www.jmir.org/2004/1/e7/.
    • Gardea-Torresdey JL, Hernandez A, Tiemann KJ, Bibb J, Rodriguez. O. Adsorption of toxic metal ions from solution by inactivated cells of Larrea tridentata (creosote bush). J Hazard Subst Res [Internet]. 1998 [cited 2007 Jan 8];1:Article 1-3 [16 p.]. Available from: http://www.engg.ksu.edu/HSRC/JHSR/v1_no3.PDF
    • Lobb WB, Wilkin NE, McCaffrey DJ 3rd, Wilson MC, Bentley JP. The predictive utility of nontraditional test scores for first-year pharmacy student academic performance. Am J Pharm Educ [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2007 Jan 5];70(6):Article 128 [6 p.]. Available from: http://www.ajpe.org/aj7006/aj7006128/aj7006128.pdf
  • Journal article on the Internet that is a podcast
    • Tilson J. Commentary on Perry SB, et al., Predicting caregiver assistance required for sit-to-stand following rehabilitation for acute stroke. J Neurol Phys Ther [Internet]. 2006 Mar [cited 2007 Jan 8];30(1):[Podcast: about 3 min.]. Available from: http://www.scienceaudio.net/jnpt/jnpt.html
  • Journal article on the Internet with indication that a discussion or other text follows it
    • Splawinski J, Fox R, Hall H, Fisher CG, Dvorak M. Imaging for spinal surgery. Can J Surg [Internet]. 2006 Oct [cited 2007 Jan 10];49(5):311-2; discussion 313. Available from: http://www.cma.ca/multimedia/staticContent/HTML/N0/l2/cjs/vol-49/issue-5/pdf/pg311.pdf
    • Kritsaneepaiboon S, Jaruratanasirikul S, Dissaneevate S. Clinics in diagnostic imaging (112). Perinatal lethal hypophosphatasia (PLH). Singapore Med J [Internet]. 2006 Nov [cited 2007 Jan 10];47(11):987-92; quiz 993. Available from: http://www.sma.org.sg/smj/4711/4711me1.pdf
    • Vos E. Multitherapy for diabetes. CMAJ [Internet]. 2006 Nov 7 [cited 2007 Jan 10];175(10):1246-7; author reply 1247. Available from: http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/reprint/175/10/1246-a
  • Journal article on the Internet with DOI provided
    • Harrison JJ, Ceri H, Yerly J, Stremick CA, Hu Y, Martinuzzi R, Turner RJ. The use of microscopy and three-dimensional visualization to evaluate the structure of microbial biofilms cultivated in the Calgary Biofilm Device. Biol Proc Online [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2007 Jan 8];8(1):194-215. Available from: http://www.biologicalprocedures.com/bpo/arts/1/127/m127.pdf DOI: 10.1251/bpo127
    • Puri S, O'Brian MR. The hmuQ and hmuD genes from Bradyrhizobium japonicum encode heme-degrading enzymes. J Bacteriol [Internet]. 2006 Sep [cited 2007 Jan 8];188(18):6476-82. Available from: http://jb.asm.org/cgi/content/full/188/18/6476?view=long&pmid=16952937 DOI: 10.1128/JB.00737-06
  • Journal article on the Internet with system requirements
    • Crum LA, Bailey MR, Guan J, Hilmo PR, Kargl SG, Matula TJ, Sapozhnikov OA. Monitoring bubble growth in supersaturated blood and tissue ex vivo and the relevance to marine mammal bioeffects. Acoust Res Lett Online [Internet]. 2005 Jul [cited 2007 Jan 10];6(3):214-20. Available from: http://scitation.aip.org/getpdf/servlet/GetPDFServlet?filetype=pdf&id=ARLOFJ000006000003000214000001&idtype=cvips Accompanied by: 2 videos. System Requirements: Browser must be able to handle javascript and other advanced features; Adobe Acrobat and QuickTime required.
  • Journal article on the Internet accompanied by other material
    • Wolfe L. America's fidelity crisis: politics, hypocrisy and family values. Electron J Hum Sex [Internet]. 2006 Oct 25 [cited 2007 Jan 5];9:[about 8 p.]. Available from: http://www.ejhs.org/volume9/Wolfe.htm Accompanied by: PowerPoint slides.
    • Grohmann DG, Hathaway BA. 1-Nitro-3-[(phenylsulfonyl)methyl]benzene. Molbank [Internet]. 2006 Sep [cited 2007 Jan 5];2006:M500 [about 2 screens]. Available from: http://www.mdpi.org/molbank/molbank2006/m500.htm Accompanied by: MOL file available from: http://www.mdpi.org/molbank/molbank2006.htm#new
    • Crum LA, Bailey MR, Guan J, Hilmo PR, Kargl SG, Matula TJ, Sapozhnikov OA. Monitoring bubble growth in supersaturated blood and tissue ex vivo and the relevance to marine mammal bioeffects. Acoust Res Lett Online [Internet]. 2005 Jul [cited 2007 Jan 10];6(3):214-20. Available from: http://scitation.aip.org/getpdf/servlet/GetPDFServlet?filetype=pdf&id=ARLOFJ000006000003000214000001&idtype=cvips Accompanied by: 2 videos.
  • Journal article on the Internet with note
    • Shope JT. Influences on youthful driving behavior and their potential for guiding interventions to reduce crashes. Inj Prev [Internet]. 2006 Jun [cited 2007 Jan 9];12 Suppl 1:i9-14. Available from: http://ip.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/12/suppl_1/i9 Review.
    • Pyysalo S, Salakoski T, Aubin S, Nazarenko A. Lexical adaptation of link grammar to the biomedical sublanguage: a comparative evaluation of three approaches. BMC Bioinformatics [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2007 Jan 9];7 Suppl 3:Article S2 [9 p.]. Available from: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1764446&blobtype=pdf From a paper presented at the 2nd International Symposium on Semantic Mining in Biomedicine (SMBM), Jena, Germany, April 2006.
    • Flegel K. Biographies of healers [book review]. CMAJ [Internet]. 2007 Jul 3 [cited 2008 Feb 19];177(1):70. Available from: http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/full/177/1/70 Review of: Bynum WF, Bynum H, editors. Dictionary of Medical Biography. Westport (CT): Greenwood Press; c2007.
    • Prystowsky EN. A conversation about sudden unexpected death (SUDA) in "healthy" adults, adults with known heart disease, athletes, adolescents, and infants (SIDS) [interview]. MedGenMed [Internet]. 2007 Dec 19 [cited 2008 Feb 19];9(4):61. Available from: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=1831141 Interview by George D. Lundberg.
  • Part of a journal article on the Internet
    • Burke KJ, Paton D. Well-being in protective services personnel: organisational influences. Australas J Disaster Trauma Stud [Internet]. 2006;2006(2):[about 17 p.]. Figure 3, The overall structural model, showing the relative strength of each pathway examined; [cited 2007 Jan 8]; [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://www.massey.ac.nz/%7Etrauma/issues/2006-2/burke.htm
    • Happell B. The Influence of education on the career preferences of undergraduate nursing students. Aust Electron J Nurs Educ [Internet]. 2002 Apr;8(1):[about 12 p.]. Table 2, The relative popularity of nursing career choices (Post-test); [cited 2007 Jan 8]; [about 1 screen]. Available from: http://www.scu.edu.au/schools/nhcp/aejne/vol8-1/refereed/happell_max.html