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Citing biomedical documents - National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Citing patents
National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2010 Apr 30]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine

Components/elements listed in the order they should appear in a reference: (R) = required, (O) = optional

Author (Inventor) (R) | Author (Assignee) (R) | Author Affiliation (O) | Title (R) | Type of Medium (R) | Patent Country (R) | Patent Document Type (R) | Country Code (R) | Patent Number (R) | Date Issued (R) | Pagination (O) | Physical Description (O) | International Classification Code (O) | Country Classification Code (O) | Application Number and Filing Date (O) | Language (R) | Notes (O) | Patent Applications

  • Standard US patent
    • Cho ST, inventor; Hospira, Inc., assignee. Microneedles for minimally invasive drug delivery. United States patent US 6,980,855. 2005 Dec 27.
  • US patent with optional full names for inventor(s)
    • Howlett, Charles W.; Bullis, Grant.; Bernardo, Angel, inventors; Nobel Biocare Services AG, assignee. Dental implant delivery system. United States patent US 6,913,465. 2005 Jul 5.
  • Patent in which an inventor is also an assignee
    • Smith MK, Duggan JM, Stalzer CM, Smith SC, Mowry GJ, inventors; Smith MK, assignee. Universal flexible arm. United States patent US 5,823,486. 1998 Oct 20.
  • Patent in which an organization is the inventor
    • Seiko Ohkubo, inventor; Seiko Ohkubo, assignee. Acupressure appliance for medical treatment. United Kingdom patent GB 2 350 301. 2000 Nov 29. 47 p.
  • Patent with more than one assignee
    • Co MS, Scheinberg DA, Queen CL, inventors; Protein Design Labs, Inc.; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, assignee. Increasing antibody affinity by altering glycosylation of immunoglobulin variable region. United States patent US 6,933,368. 2005 Aug 23.
  • Patent with the US government as the assignee
    • Wang RF, Rosenberg S, inventors; The United States of America as represented by the Department of Health and Human Services, assignee. Cancer peptides of NY-ESO-1/CAG-3. United States patent US 7,084,239. 2006 Aug 1.
  • Patent with affiliation of inventor(s) and assignee included
    • Escandon MA (Lugo, Spain), Neisz JJ (Minnetonka, MN), inventors; American Medical Systems, Inc. (Minnetonka, MN), assignee. Regimen for treating prostate tissue and surgical kit for use in the regimen. United States patent US 7,015,253. 2006 Mar 21.
  • Non-US patent written in the roman alphabet
    • McMullen JN, inventor; Universite de Montreal, assignee. Controlled release tablet. Canadian patent CA 1314216.1993 Mar 9.
    • Cameron B, Crouzet J, inventors; Rhone-Poulenc Biochemie, assignee. Cellules modifiees au niveau du catabolisme de la betaine, preparation et utilisations, notamment pour la production de metabolites ou d'enzymes. European patent EP 0 673 422 B1. 2006 Jan 4. 14 p. French.
  • Non-US patent written in Cyrillic, Greek, Arabic, or Hebrew
    • Bazhenov AN, Ilyushina LV, Plesovskaya IV, inventors; Bazhenov AN, Ilyushina LV, Plesovskaya IV, assignee. Metodika lecheniia pri revmatoidnom artrite. Russian Federation patent RU 2268734. 2006 Jan 27. Russian.
  • Non-US patent written in a character-based language (Chinese, Japanese, Korean)
    • Katsuko S, Shunsuke M, Takashi U, Tetsuya T, Miki E, inventors; Advance Company Ltd, assignee. [Carrier for living body, and cell cultivation]. Japanese patent JP 2004267562. 2004 Sep 30. Japanese.
  • Non-US patent, with translation
    • Cameron B, Crouzet J, inventors; Rhone-Poulenc Biochemie, assignee. Cellules modifiees au niveau du catabolisme de la betaine, preparation et utilisations, notamment pour la production de metabolites ou d'enzymes [Cells with altered betaine catabolism, their preparation and their use, in particular for producing metabolites or enzymes]. European patent EP 0 673 422 B1. 2006 Jan 4. 14 p. French.
  • Patent title containing a Greek letter, chemical formula, or another special character
    • Schwinn DA, inventor; Duke University, assignee. Use of α-1AR subtype-selective drugs in patients with acute myocardial infarction. United States patent US 6,921,773. 2005 Jul 26. 5 p.
    • or
    • Schwinn DA, inventor; Duke University, assignee. Use of alpha-1AR subtype-selective drugs in patients with acute myocardial infarction. United States patent US 6,921,773. 2005 Jul 26. 5 p.
  • Patent title containing a superscript or subscript
    • Sanger GJ, Wardle KA, inventors; SmithKline Beecham Corporation, assignee. Use of 5-HT4 modulators for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment of the bladder diseases. United States patent US 6,750,195. 2004 Jun 15. 7 p.
    • or
    • Sanger GJ, Wardle KA, inventors; SmithKline Beecham Corporation, assignee. Use of 5-HT(4) modulators for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment of the bladder diseases. United States patent US 6,750,195. 2004 Jun 15. 7 p.
  • Patent in a microform
    • Stoudt TH, Nollstadt KH, inventors; Merck & Co., Inc., assignee. Oral hygiene enzymes and method for preparation [microfiche]. United States patent US 4,335,101. 1982 Jun 15. 1 microfiche: black & white, negative, 4 x 6 in.
  • Patent issued by a regional office
    • Cameron B, Crouzet J, inventors; Rhone-Poulenc Biochimie, assignee. Cellules modifiees au niveau catabolisme de la betaine, preparation et utilisations, notamment pour la production de metabolites ou d'enzymes [Cells with altered betaine catabolism, their preparation and their use, in particular for producing metabolites or enzymes]. European patent EP 0 673 422 B1. 2006 Jan 4. French.
  • Patent issued by WIPO
    • Ottersbach P, Lohmer G, inventors; Creavis Gesellschaft fur Technologit und Innovation MBH, assignee. Verfahren zur Modifizierung von Polymersubstraten durch Oberflachenfixierung eigenschaftsbestimmender Makromolekule [Method for modifying polymer substrates by surface fixing of functional macromolecules]. World patent WO 00/44818. 2000 Aug 3. German.
  • Non-US patent with specific type of document given
    • Zinsmeyer J, Gross J, Brux B, inventors; Charite der Humboldt-Universitaet Direktorat Forschung, assignee. Enzymimmunoassay und Testbesteck zum Nachweis humaner Neuronen-spezifischer Enolase. German Patentschrift DD 295717 A5. 1991 Nov 7. German.
  • Patent with optional number of pages included
    • Cully EH, Cutright WJ, Nordhausen CT, Vonesh MJ, Walter JT, inventors; Gore Enterprise Holdings, Inc., assignee. Medical device amenable to fenestration. European patent EP 1 539 037 B1. 2005 Jul 12. 27 p.
  • Patent with International Classification Code included
    • Caffey JC, Moe R, Freund MA, Hutton J, inventors; Carbomedics Inc., assignee. Heart valve stent with alignment posts. United States patent US 6,635,085. 2003 Oct 21. 10 p. Int. Cl. A61F-002/24.
  • Patent with classification codes of the country granting it
    • Suh A, inventor; E-Z Baby Products LLC, assignee. Adjustable baby bottle holder. United States patent US 6,598,828. 2003 Jul 29. US Cl. 248/104; 248/102; 248/103; 248/105; 248/106; 248/107.
  • Patent application number and date for published patents
    • Bemis G, Xie X, inventors; Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, assignee. Compositions useful as inhibitors of ERK. United States patent US 6,994,868. 2006 Feb 7. Appl. No.: 437419; 2003 May 13.
  • Patent with lists of related and/or cited patents
    • Co MS (Cupertino, CA), Scheinberg DA (New York, NY), Queen CL (Los Altos, CA), inventors; Protein Design Labs, Inc. (Fremont, CA); Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (New York, NY), assignee. Increasing antibody affinity by altering glycosylation of immunoglobulin variable region. United States patent US 6,933,368. 2005 Aug 23. Related US patents: 6,350,861; 5,714,350. Cited US patents: 5,147,637; 5,714,350; 5,730,982; 5,821,337; 6,054,297; 6,218,149; 6,350,861. Cited EP patents: 0 239 400; 0 438 312. Cited WO patents: 90/07861; 92/22653; 03/016466.
    • Wang RF (Bethesda, MD), Rosenberg S (Potomac, MD), inventors; The United States of America as represented by the Department of Health and Human Services (Washington, DC), assignee. Cancer peptides of NY-ESO-1/CAG-3. United States patent US 7,084,239. 2006 Aug 1. Int. Cl. A61K 38/00; C07K 7/04; C07K 7/06; C07K 7/08; A61K 38/04; C07H 21/04; C07K 16/00; C12P 21/06. US Cl. 530/300; 424/184.1; 424/185.1; 530/326; 530/327; 530/328. Appl. No.: 09/529,206; 1998 Sep 1. Cited US patents: 5,539,084; 5,785,973; 5,840,839. Cited WO patents: 94/03205; 97/29195; 98/14464; 98/32855.
  • Regional or world patent listing countries that recognize it using ISO country codes
    • Cameron B, Crouzet J, inventors; Rhone-Poulenc Biochimie, assignee. Cellules modifiees au niveau catabolisme de la betaine, preparation et utilisations, notamment pour la production de metabolites ou d'enzymes [Cells with altered betaine catabolism, their preparation and their use, in particular for producing metabolites or enzymes]. European patent EP 0 673 422 B1. 2006 Jan 4. French. Recognized by: AT, BE, CH, DE, DK, ES, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, NL, PT, SE.
    • Ottersbach P, Lohmer G, inventors; Creavis Gesellschaft fur Technologit und Innovation MBH, assignee. Verfahren zur Modifizierung von Polymersubstraten durch Oberflachenfixierung eigenschaftsbestimmender Makromolekule [Method for modifying polymer substrates by surface fixing of functional macromolecules]. World patent WO 00/44818. 2000 Aug 3. German. Recognized by: BR, CA, CN, IL, JP, KR, PL, RU, US.
  • Other notes for patents
    • Haskell-Luevano C, inventor; University of Florida Research Foundation, Inc., assignee. Melanocortin receptor templates, peptides, and use thereof. United States patent US 7,084,111. 2006 Aug 1. Supported by grants DK57080 and DK64250 awarded from the National Institutes of Health.
    • Ohlrogge JB, Benning C, Gao H, Girke TA, White JA, inventors; Board of Trustees Operating Michigan State University, assignee. Plant seed specific promoters. United States patent US 7,081,565. 2006 Jul 25. Partially supported by the United States National Science Foundation grant no. DCB94-06466.
  • Optional brief patent citation format
    • US patent 6,857,874. 2005 Feb 7.
    • RU patent 2 219 546. 2003 Dec 20.
  • Patent applications before issuance of the patent
    • Sitte E, Kleber H, inventors; C Reichart Optische Werke AG, assignee. Apparatus for cooling a biological or medical specimen. UK patent application GB 2 146 419 A. 1984 Sep 4.
    • Munx D, Schimmer J, Schmidt R, inventors; Siemens Aktiengesellschaft, assignee. Verfahren zur Uberwachung einer Datenubertragungsstrecke [Procedure for the monitoring of data rate]. European patent application EP 1 605 612 A3. 2006 Jan 11. 3 p. Int. Cl. HO4B 10/08. German.
    • Hensel W, Lehner R, Schwenk H, inventors; Siltronic AG, assignee. Nichtpolierte Halbleiterscheibe und Verfahren zur Herstellung einer nichtpolierten Halbleiterscheibe. German Offenlegungsschrift DE 10 2005 046 726 A1. 2006 Mar 16. German.