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Citing biomedical documents - National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Citing wikis
National Library of Medicine (NLM) style

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [updated 2009 Oct 21; cited 2010 Apr 30]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine

Components/elements listed in the order they should appear in a reference: (R) = required, (O) = optional

Title (R) | Content Type (O) | Type of Medium (R) | Editor and other Secondary Authors (O) | Place of Publication (R) | Publisher (R) | Date of Publication (R) | Date of Update/Revision (R) | Date of Citation (R) | Availability (R) | Language (R) | Notes (O)

  • Standard citation to a Wiki
    • WIKISURGERY [Internet]. London: Surgical Associates Ltd. 2006 Sep - [modified 2007 Jan 30; cited 2007 May 3]. Available from: http://www.wikisurgery.com/.
    • Wikipedia: the free encyclopedia [Internet]. St. Petersburg (FL): Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2001 - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/.
  • Standard citation to a Wiki with optional content type
    • OpenWetWare [wiki on the Internet]. Cambridge (MA): Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Biological Engineering Division. 2005 May - [modified 2007 Mar 4; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://openwetware.org/.
  • Wiki title with subtitle
    • Wikipedia: the free encyclopedia [Internet]. St. Petersburg (FL): Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2001 - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/.
    • WikiOmics: open bioinformatics [Internet]. [place unknown]: Wikiomics. 2005 Nov - [cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://wikiomics.org/.
  • Wiki title with upper/lowercase letters and symbols
    • OpenWetWare [Internet]. Cambridge (MA): Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Biological Engineering Division. 2005 May - [modified 2007 Mar 4; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://openwetware.org/.
    • xanthusBase [Internet]. [Syracuse (NY): Syracuse University, Welch Laboratory]. c2006 - [modified 2007 Mar 2; cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://www.xanthusbase.org/.
  • Wiki title in a language other than English
    • PflegeWiki [Internet]. Gelsenkirchen (Germany): Verein zur Forderung Freier Informationen fur die Pflege e.V. 2004 Aug - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://de.nursingwiki.org/. German.
  • Wiki title in a language other than English with translation included
    • PflegeWiki [Nursing Wiki] [Internet]. Gelsenkirchen (Germany): Verein zur Forderung Freier Informationen fur die Pflege e.V. 2004 Aug - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://de.nursingwiki.org/. German.
  • Wiki in multiple languages
    • Wikipedia: the free encyclopedia [Internet]. St. Petersburg (FL): Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2001 - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://www.wikipedia.org/. English, French, Japanese, Italian, Spanish, German, Polish, Dutch, Portuguese, Swedish.
  • Wiki with optional content type
    • OpenWetWare [wiki on the Internet]. Cambridge (MA): Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Biological Engineering Division. 2005 May - [modified 2007 Mar 4; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://openwetware.org/.
  • Wiki with editors or curators named
    • RxWiki [Internet]. Proctor KA, Staffa E, Roberts B, editors. Alexandria (VA): Community MTM Services, Inc. [2007?] - [cited 2007 May 23]. Available from: http://www.rxwiki.com/.
    • Wikikidney.org [Internet]. Fadem SZ, curator. [Houston (TX)]: Nephron Information Center. [2002?] - [modified 2007 Apr 25; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://wikikidney.org/.
    • AskDrWiki: a medical Wiki with the goal of creating a collective online memory for physicians, nurses, and medical students [Internet]. Civello K, Jefferson B, Bailey S, McWilliams M, editors. [place unknown]: Open Access Medical Informatics Group. 2006 Nov - [modified 2007 May 3; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://www.askdrwiki.com/.
    • HLWiki [Internet]. Giustini D, Barsky E, Rowell G, Saunders J, Cho A, Stibravy R, curators. [Vancouver (BC)]: University of British Columbia. [2006 Aug] - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://hlwiki.slais.ubc.ca/.
  • Wiki with well known place of publication
    • The RHIO Wiki [Internet]. Washington: Center for Health Transformation. 2006 Aug 21 - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://www.socialtext.net/rhiowiki/index.cgi
  • Wiki with geographic qualifier added to place of publication for clarity
    • OpenWetWare [Internet]. Cambridge (MA): Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Biological Engineering Division. 2005 May - [modified 2007 Mar 4; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://openwetware.org/.
    • PflegeWiki [Internet]. Gelsenkirchen (Germany): Verein zur Forderung Freier Informationen fur die Pflege e.V. 2004 Aug - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://de.nursingwiki.org/. German.
  • Wiki with place of publication inferred
    • Student Doctor Network Wiki [Internet]. [Granite Bay (CA)]: Coastal Research Group. c1999-2007 - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://studentdoctor.net/wiki//index.php/Main_Page
    • Flu Wiki [Internet]. [Virginia]: Melanie Mattson. 2005 Jun - [modified 2007 Feb 21; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://www.fluwikie.com/.
    • ganfyd [wiki on the Internet]. [United Kingdom]: [publisher unknown]. [date unknown] - [modified 2007 May 4; cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://www.ganfyd.org/.
  • Wiki with unknown place of publication
    • WikiOmics: open bioinformatics [Internet]. [place unknown]: Wikiomics. 2005 Nov - [cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://wikiomics.org/.
  • Wiki with publisher having subsidiary division
    • OpenWetWare [Internet]. Cambridge (MA): Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Biological Engineering Division. 2005 May - [modified 2007 Mar 4; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://openwetware.org/.
  • Wiki with government agency or other national body as publisher
    • COLAB: an open Collaborative Work Environment (CWE) to support networking among Communities of Practice [Internet]. Washington: General Services Administration (US), Intergovernmental Solutions Division. [date unknown] - [edited 2007 May 1; cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://colab.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?WikiHomePage#nid35OA
  • Wiki with individual as publisher
    • Flu Wiki [Internet]. [Virginia]: Melanie Mattson. 2005 Jun - [modified 2007 Feb 21; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://www.fluwikie.com/.
    • Clinfowiki [Internet]. [Portland (OR)]: Dean F. Sittig. 2005 Jul 25 - [cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://www.informatics-review.com/wiki/index.php/Main_Page
  • Wiki with joint publishers
    • The RHIO Wiki [Internet]. Washington: Center for Health Transformation. 2006 Aug 21 - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://www.socialtext.net/rhiowiki/index.cgi Jointly published by eHealth Initiative and CHIME.
  • Wiki with publisher inferred
    • xanthusBase [wiki on the Internet]. [Syracuse (NY): Syracuse University, Welch Laboratory]. c2006 - [modified 2007 Mar 2; cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://www.xanthusbase.org/.
  • Wiki with unknown publisher
    • ganfyd [wiki on the Internet]. [United Kingdom]: [publisher unknown]. [date unknown] - [modified 2007 May 4; cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://www.ganfyd.org/.
    • AIDS Wiki [Internet]. [place unknown: publisher unknown]. 2006 Jan - [modified 2007 Apr 26; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://www.reviewingaids.org/awiki/.
  • Wiki with month/day included in date of publication
    • AskDrWiki: a medical Wiki with the goal of creating a collective online memory for physicians, nurses, and medical students [Internet]. Civello K, Jefferson B, Bailey S, McWilliams M, editors. [place unknown]: Open Access Medical Informatics Group. 2006 Nov - [modified 2007 May 3; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://www.askdrwiki.com/.
    • Clinfowiki [Internet]. [Portland (OR)]: Dean F. Sittig. 2005 Jul 25 - [cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://www.informatics-review.com/wiki/index.php/Main_Page
  • Wiki with date of copyright instead of date of publication
    • xanthusBase [wiki on the Internet]. [Syracuse (NY): Syracuse University, Welch Laboratory]. c2006 - [modified 2007 Mar 2; cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://www.xanthusbase.org/.
    • Student Doctor Network Wiki [Internet]. [Granite Bay (CA)]: Coastal Research Group. c1999-2007 - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://studentdoctor.net/wiki//index.php/Main_Page
  • Wiki with date obtained from earliest additions
    • WikiMD [Internet]. Philadephia: Prab R. Tumpati. [2004] - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://69.60.110.99/wikimd/index.php?title=Main_Page
    • HLWiki [Internet]. Giustini D, Barsky E, Rowell G, Saunders J, Cho A, Stibravy R, curators. [Vancouver (BC)]: University of British Columbia. [2006 Aug] - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://hlwiki.slais.ubc.ca/.
  • Wiki with date estimated
    • Wikikidney.org [Internet]. Fadem SZ, curator. [Houston (TX)]: Nephron Information Center. [2002?] - [modified 2007 Apr 25; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://wikikidney.org/.
  • Wiki with unknown beginning date of publication
    • ganfyd [wiki on the Internet]. [United Kingdom]: [publisher unknown]. [date unknown] - [modified 2007 May 4; cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://www.ganfyd.org/.
  • Wiki with update/revision date
    • OpenWetWare [Internet]. Cambridge (MA): Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Biological Engineering Division. 2005 May - [modified 2007 Mar 4; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://openwetware.org/.
    • HealthGrid [Internet]. [place unknown]: HealthGrid.org. [date unknown] - [updated 2007 May 4; cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://wiki.healthgrid.org/.
  • Wiki with supplemental note included
    • The RHIO Wiki [Internet]. Washington: Center for Health Transformation. 2006 Aug 21 - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://www.socialtext.net/rhiowiki/index.cgi RHIO = Regional Health Information Organizations.
    • ganfyd [wiki on the Internet]. [United Kingdom]: [publisher unknown]. [date unknown] - [modified 2007 May 4; cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://www.ganfyd.org/. GANFYD stands for Get A Note From Your Doctor.
    • WikiOmics: open bioinformatics [Internet]. [place unknown]: Wikiomics. 2005 Nov - [cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://wikiomics.org/. Funded by the Godzik lab at the Burnham Institute for Medical Research in San Diego, CA.
    • OpenWetWare [wiki on the Internet]. Cambridge (MA): Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Biological Engineering Division. 2005 May - [modified 2007 Mar 4; cited 2007 May 4]. Available from: http://openwetware.org/. Current support from the National Science Foundation Biological Databases & Informatics Program and MIT's Cell Decision Process Center.
    • RxWiki [Internet]. Proctor KA, Staffa E, Roberts B, editors. Alexandria (VA): Community MTM Services, Inc. [2007?] - [cited 2007 May 23]. Available from: http://www.rxwiki.com/. Content accepted only from licensed pharmacists.
    • Radiopaedia.org [Internet]. [place unknown: publisher unknown]. 2005 Dec 6 - [cited 2007 May 5]. Available from: http://www.radiopaedia.org/. Formerly called Wikiradiology.
  • A contribution to a wiki with authorship given
    • McEvoy D. The symptoms of IBS. c2006 [cited 2007 May 14]. In: WIKISURGERY [Internet]. London: Surgical Associates Ltd. 2006 - . [5 paragraphs]. Available from: http://www.wikisurgery.com/index.php?title=The_symptoms_of_IBS
  • A contribution to a wiki with authorship given with author affiliation
    • Gardner PP (Molecular Evolution Group, Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark). RNA phylogenetics. 2006 Sep 11 [modified 2006 Oct 4; cited 2007 May 14]. In: WikiOmics: open bioinformatics [Internet]. [place unknown]: Wikiomics. 2005 Nov - . [about 2 screens]. Available from: http://wikiomics.org/wiki/RNA_phylogenetics
  • A contribution to a wiki without authorship given
    • RxWiki [Internet]. Proctor KA, Staffa E, Roberts B, editors. Alexandria (VA): Community MTM Services, Inc. [2007?] - . Celecoxib; [modified 2007 May 9; cited 2007 May 23]; [about 5 p.]. Available from: http://www.rxwiki.com/~medicati/index.php?title=Celebrex