Research methodology - Course files
Biomedical journals - Instructions for authors
Recommendations for the conduct, reporting, editing, and publication of scholarly work in medical journals
The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) has produced multiple editions of a document, previously known as the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (URMs). The URM was first published in 1978 as a way of standardizing manuscript format and preparation across journals. The last version, renamed “Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals” (ICMJE Recommendations), was released in 2013.
The recommendations cover following issues:
- Roles & Responsibilities
- Publishing & Editorial Issues
- Corrections and Version Control
- Scientific Misconduct, Expressions of Concern, and Retraction
- Overlapping Publications
- Supplements, Theme Issues, and Special Series
- Sponsorship or Partnership
- Electronic Publishing
- Journals and the Media
- Clinical Trial Registration
- Manuscript Preparation
You can find the list of journals that have requested inclusion on the list of publications that follow the ICMJE's Recommendations in Journals Following the ICMJE Recommendations.
Instructions for authors provided by biomedical journals
The Mulford Health Science Library of the University of Toledo has a website providing links to instructions for authors of over 6,000 journals in the health and life sciences.
Most journals published by BioMed Central offer a Microsoft Word template to be used to generate a standard style and format for the journal article. To find and download the template, open BioMed Central | journals A-Z, click on the link of the journal title you are looking for (e.g., BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth), click Instructions for authors, find Microsoft Word template Download the template.
The ICMJE recommended style for references is based on the National Information Standards Organization NISO Z39.29-2005 (R2010) Bibliographic References as adapted by the National Library of Medicine for its databases. Details are in Citing Medicine. Sample references typically used by authors of journal articles are provided in International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals: Sample References.
The American Medical Association (AMA) style is another reference style adopted by many biomedical journals. You will find on our website a comparison of AMA and NLM citation styles.
- BioMed Central | journals A-Z
- Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers
- Comparison of AMA and NLM citation styles
- ICMJE: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals
- International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Sample References
- Mulford Library: Instructions to Authors