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Research methodology and other research related topics - Course files

Literature search, citing medicine, instructions for authors - Guidelines, systematic reviews - Epidemiologic studies - Screening
Qualitative research - Monitoring and evaluation of health programmes - Research ethics - Gender, sexual and reproductive rights
Research proposal - WHO strategy on research for health

Course file - Author(s) References, relevant online documents and resources
Literature search, citing medicine, instructions for authors  
Entrez - PubMed - MEDLINE - Aldo Campana Internet and PubMed/Medline - Aldo Campana
Searching PubMed - Aldo Campana Internet and PubMed/Medline - Aldo Campana
Citing biomedical documents - National Library of Medicine (NLM) style - Aldo Campana Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor. Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007-.

ICMJE: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals - Preparing a Manuscript for Submission to a Biomedical Journal

Mulford Library: Instructions to Authors

Zotero
Biomedical journals - Instructions for authors - Aldo Campana ICMJE: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals

Mulford Library: Instructions to Authors
WHO Library - Tomas Allen (presentation with audio)

WHO Library - Tomas Allen (PDF)
Cochrane Collaboration

Cochrane Library

Embase

Google Scholar

PubMed

WHO Databases
Guidelines, systematic reviews  
WHO guidelines on sexual and reproductive health - Heli Bathija WHO | Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health

WHO | Sexual and Reproductive Health
Systematic review - Karim Abawi Cochrane Collaboration

Joanna Briggs Institute

Campbell Collaboration

Centre for Evidence-based Medicine

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination

Bandolier

PubMed Clinical Queries
Epidemiologic studies  
Epidemiologic studies - Karim Abawi Aschengrau A, Seage GR. Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health. Second ed. Jones & Bartlett Publishers; 2008.

Epi Glossary | CDC Reproductive Health.

Clinical Epidemiology Glossary. Evidence Based Medicine Toolkit.
Case-control studies - Lale Say Rutjes AWS, Reitsma JB, Vandenbroucke JP, Glas AS, Bossuyt PMM. Case-control and two-gate designs in diagnostic accuracy studies. Clin. Chem [Internet]. 2005 Aug [cited 2010 May 5];51(8):1335-41.

Lee W, Bindman J, Ford T, Glozier N, Moran P, Stewart R, Hotopf M. Bias in psychiatric case-control studies: literature survey. Br J Psychiatry [Internet]. 2007 Mar [cited 2010 May 5];190204-209.
Strategies for data analysis: case-control studies - Eduardo Bergel Knol MJ, Vandenbroucke JP, Scott P, Egger M. What do case-control studies estimate? Survey of methods and assumptions in published case-control research. Am. J. Epidemiol. 2008 Nov 1;168(9):1073-81.
Cohort studies - Nguyen Thi My Huong Rochon PA, Gurwitz JH, Sykora K, Mamdani M, Streiner DL, Garfinkel S, Normand ST, Anderson GM. Reader's guide to critical appraisal of cohort studies: 1. Role and design. BMJ [Internet]. 2005 Apr 16 [cited 2010 May 1];330(7496):895-7.

Mamdani M, Sykora K, Li P, Normand ST, Streiner DL, Austin PC, Rochon PA, Anderson GM. Reader's guide to critical appraisal of cohort studies: 2. Assessing potential for confounding. BMJ [Internet]. 2005 Apr 23 [cited 2010 May 1];330(7497):960-2.

Normand ST, Sykora K, Li P, Mamdani M, Rochon PA, Anderson GM. Readers guide to critical appraisal of cohort studies: 3. Analytical strategies to reduce confounding. BMJ [Internet]. 2005 Apr 30 [cited 2010 May 1];330(7498):1021-3.

Thadhani R, Tonelli M. Cohort studies: marching forward. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol [Internet]. 2006 Sep [cited 2010 May 1];1(5):1117-23.
Randomized clinical trials - Mario Merialdi The Lancet epidemiology series - Grimes DA, Schulz KF
Strategies for data analysis: RCTs - Eduardo Bergel The CONSORT Group

Practihc
Population surveys - Lale Say Demographic and Health Surveys: MEASURE DHS

United Nations Statistics Division - Household Surveys in Developing Countries

Thrift AG. Design and Methods of Population Surveys. Neuroepidemiology. 2010 Mar 18;34(4):267-9.
Screening  
Screening - Mario Merialdi Deeks JJ. Systematic reviews in health care: Systematic reviews of evaluations of diagnostic and screening tests. BMJ. 2001 Jul 21;323(7305):157-62.

Rutjes AWS, Reitsma JB, Coomarasamy A, Khan KS, Bossuyt PMM. Evaluation of diagnostic tests when there is no gold standard. A review of methods. Health Technol Assess. 2007 Dec;11(50):iii, ix-51.
Qualitative research  
Introduction to qualitative research - Khalifa Elmusharaf TQR Community Qualitative Research Resources

Online QDA
Qualitative sampling techniques - Khalifa Elmusharaf TQR Community Qualitative Research Resources

Online QDA
Qualitative data collection techniques - Khalifa Elmusharaf TQR Community Qualitative Research Resources

Online QDA
Qualitative research approaches - Khalifa Elmusharaf TQR Community Qualitative Research Resources

Online QDA
Monitoring and evaluation of health programmes  
Monitoring and evaluating family planning / reproductive health programmes: an introduction - Alfredo Luis Fort (presentation with audio)

Monitoring and evaluating family planning / reproductive health programmes: an introduction - Alfredo Luis Fort (PDF)
For a framework and construction of indicators: J. Bertrand and Escudero, G., Compendium of Indicators for Evaluating Reproductive Health Programs, Volume One. MEASURE Evaluation Manual Series, No. 6, August 2002

For discussion on what can be accomplished with different assessments and evaluation designs
: JP Habicht, CG Victora and JP Vaughan, Evaluation designs for adequacy, plausibility and probability of public health programme performance and impact, International Journal of Epidemiology, 1999; 28: 10-18

For presentation of different types of research and evaluation designs
: AA Fisher, JR Foreit, J Laing, J Stoeckel and J Townsend, HIV/AIDS Intervention Studies: An Operations Research Handbook, The Population Council, 2002

For how to assess quality of care in facilities, including instruments: Quick Investigation of Quality (QIQ) A User's Guide for Monitoring Quality of Care in Family Planning, MEASURE Evaluation Manual Series, No. 2, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2001

For M&E plans for Adolescent SRH programs
: S Adamchak, K Bond, L MacLaren et al, A Guide to Monitoring and Evaluating Adolescent Reproductive Health Programs, FOCUS on Young Adults, Tool Series 5, June 2000
Monitoring and evaluation of family planning / reproductive health programs – health system-, project- and facility-based information - Alfredo Luis Fort (presentation with audio)

Monitoring and evaluation of family planning / reproductive health programs – health system-, project- and facility-based information - Alfredo Luis Fort (PDF)
Ministry of Health (MOH) [Uganda] and Macro International Inc. 2008. Uganda Service Provision Assessment Survey 2007. Kampala, Uganda: Ministry of Health and Macro International Inc.

National Coordinating Agency for Population and Development (NCAPD) [Kenya], Ministry of Medical Services (MOMS) [Kenya], Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MOPHS) [Kenya], Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) [Kenya], ICF Macro. 2011. Kenya Service Provision Assessment Survey 2010. Nairobi, Kenya: National Coordinating Agency for Population and Development, Ministry of Medical Services, Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, and ICF Macro.
Research ethics  
Good ethics is good research - Shyam Thapa Background handout on ethical issues in research with a focus on youth: key terms and concepts - Shyam Thapa

FHI - Research Ethics Training Curriculum

Research Ethics Review Committee (WHO ERC) - Informed assent form template for children/minors

Research Ethics Review Committee (WHO ERC) - Informed consent form template for consent for storage and future use of unused samples

Research Ethics Review Committee (WHO ERC) - Informed consent form template for clinical studies

Research Ethics Review Committee (WHO ERC) - Informed consent form template for qualitative studies

Research Ethics Review Committee (WHO ERC) - Informed parental consent template for research involving children (clinical studies)

Research Ethics Review Committee (WHO ERC) - Informed parental consent template for research involving children (qualitative studies)

Research Ethics Review Committee (WHO ERC) - The process of seeking informed consent

WHO | Research ethics

WMA Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects

Woodsong C, Karim QA. A model designed to enhance informed consent: experiences from the HIV prevention trials network. Am J Public Health. 2005 Mar;95(3):412-9.

World Health Organization - Research Ethics Review Committee - The Process of Seeking Informed Consent
Gender, sexual and reproductive rights  
Gender mainstreaming: what, where, and how? - Islene Araujo de Carvalho (presentation with audio)

Gender mainstreaming: what, where, and how? - Islene Araujo de Carvalho (PDF)
WHO - Gender, women and health

WHO | Women and health: today's evidence tomorrow's agenda
Advancing sexual and reproductive health through gender equality and human rights - Jane Cottingham, Eszter Kismodi WHO | Gender and rights
Violence against women: health consequences, prevention and response - Avni Amin WHO | Violence against women
Why take action against female genital mutilation (FGM)? - Heli Bathija Female genital mutilation : Guidelines, reviews
Research proposal  
How to prepare a research protocol for WHO? - Shyam Thapa Fathalla MF. A practical guide for health researchers. WHO Regional Publications, Eastern Mediterranean Series; 30. Cairo: 2004.

Habicht JP, Victora CG, Vaughan JP. Evaluation designs for adequacy, plausibility and probability of public health programme performance and impact. Int J Epidemiol. 1999 Feb;28(1):10-8.

World Health Organization. Preparing a research project proposal. Guidelines and forms (fourth edition). Geneva 2003

Recommended format for a research protocol - In brief
WHO strategy on research for health  
WHO strategy on research for health - Rob Terry (presentation with audio)

WHO strategy on research for health - Rob Terry (PDF)
WHO | Research policy

WHO Research for Health Strategy approved by the 63rd World Health Assembly

Health Research Web