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Sexually transmitted infections prevention and care

Module 5

Sexually transmitted infections prevention and care

Assignment

Training course in adolescent sexual and reproductive health 2021 for WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region

February 22, 2021 - Geneva

Assignment (25 marks in total)

Answer the following questions using the clues provided to review the selected aspects of the relevant documents.

Global presentation

Question 1: Serious long-term effects (3 marks)

List three serious long-term consequences of STI.

Clue: Study pages 31 and 32 of the WHO publication: WHO recommendations on adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights (WHO, 2018).

Question 2: 2. Brief Sexuality-Related Communication (7 marks)

2.1 Provide a brief definition of brief sexuality-related communication (BSC). Name one way in which BSC is similar to and one way in which it is different from counselling. Name its four components. (4 marks)

Clue: Study section 1.4.2 on pages 17-18 of the WHO publication titled: Brief sexuality-related communication: recommendations for a public health approach (WHO, 2015).

2.2 In the TEDX talk Dr Teodora Wi calls for an open and stigma-free discussion about sex. In your context, describe briefly how BSC could contribute to this. (3 marks)

Clue: Study section 4.1.2 on pages 33-35 of the WHO publication titled: Brief sexuality-related communication: recommendations for a public health approach (WHO, 2015).

Question 3: Human Papilloma Virus Vaccination (5 marks)

3.1 Why is it important to provide the HPV vaccination? (1 mark)

3.2 As per WHO’s recommendation at what age should the first HPV vaccination be given? What is WHO’s recommendation on when the second dose could be given? (2 marks)

3.3 In your country context, which is the most important intervention that could be delivered along with HPV vaccine? Explain why. (2 marks)

Clue: For questions 3.1 and 3.2, study pages 35 and 36 of the WHO publication titled: WHO recommendations on adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights (WHO, 2018).

For question 3.3, study page 3 of the WHO publication titled: Options for linking health interventions for adolescents with HPV vaccination (WHO, 2014).

Regional case study – 1

Alomair N, Alageel S, Davies N, Bailey JV. Sexually transmitted infection knowledge and attitudes among Muslim women worldwide: a systematic review. Sex Reprod Health Matters. 2020 Dec;28(1):1731296.

Question 4 (5 marks)

4.1 What were the key findings on the knowledge and attitudes of most of the Muslim women in this review?

Clue: Study the abstract and pages 121 - 122 of the paper titled: Knowledge about STI signs and symptoms of Sexually transmitted infection knowledge and attitudes among Muslim women worldwide: a systematic review (Noura et.al., 2020). (2 marks)

4.2 What were the two main barriers to STI and HIV/AIDS testing and diagnosis as reported in the review? (2 marks)

Clue: Study the abstract and page 123 of the paper titled: Knowledge about STI signs and symptoms of Sexually transmitted infection knowledge and attitudes among Muslim women worldwide: a systematic review (Noura et.al., 2020).

4.3 Identify the primary sources of sexual health information for these women. (1 mark)

Clue: Study page 122 of the paper titled: Knowledge about STI signs and symptoms of Sexually transmitted infection knowledge and attitudes among Muslim women worldwide: a systematic review (Noura et.al., 2020).

Regional case study – 2

Elshiekh HF, Hoving C, de Vries H. Exploring Determinants of Condom Use among University Students in Sudan. Arch Sex Behav. 2020 May;49(4):1379-91.

Question 5 (5 marks)

5.1  Identify one key difference in students who attended HIV educational programs and other students in this paper. (2 marks)

Clue: Study page 1382-1383 of the paper titled: Exploring Determinants of Condom Use among University Students in Sudan (Elshiekh et al., 2020).

5.2  Name three pre-motivational determinants among university students to use condoms, as discussed in the paper. Give brief findings. (3 marks)

Clue: Study page 1382-1384 of the paper titled: Exploring Determinants of Condom Use among University Students in Sudan (Elshiekh et al., 2020).